Animal Welfare and Small Ruminant Handling Flashcards Preview

RUSVM LAM II Practice Questions > Animal Welfare and Small Ruminant Handling > Flashcards

Flashcards in Animal Welfare and Small Ruminant Handling Deck (26)
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1

What are the 5 Freedoms of Animal Welfare?

Freedom from:

Hunger and Thirst

Discomfort

Pain, Injury, or Disease

Fear and Distress

Freedom to express normal behavior

 

2

What are the 3 stages of general adaptation syndrome?

Stage 1: Alarm Rxn

Stage 2: Resistance/Adaptation

Stage 3: Exhaustion (Adrenal)

3

This doctor from the 1930's studied animals in freezer boxes

which led to the discovery of corticosteroids

Dr. Hans Selye

4

What is the normal rectal temperature range for small ruminants?

101.5 - 104.0F

5

What is the normal pulse range for small ruminants?

70 - 90

6

What is the normal respiratory range for small ruminants?

12 - 20

7

Where is the best place to look for mucous membrane color

in small ruminants?

Bulbar and palpebral conjunctiva

8

If the bulbar and palpebral conjunctiva is pale to white

in small ruminants, this is suggestive of

Haemonchosis

9

If the bulbar and palpebral conjunctiva is yellow to light brown

in small ruminants, this is suggestive of

Hemolysis secondary to copper toxicosis

10

If the bulbar and palpebral conjunctiva has large prominent vessels

in small ruminants, this is suggestive of

toxemia

11

Where do you palpate for BCS in small ruminants?

Find the last rib and palpate the spine to the transverse processes

over the loin

12

What are the 7 factors that affect nutrient requirements of

small ruminants?

Maintenance

Growth

Pregnancy

Lactation

Fiber Production

Activity

Environment

13

As a general rule of thumb, small ruminants will consume

_______% of their body weight on a dry matter basis in feed

2 - 4%

14

What is added to the rations recommended for dry ewes and

ewes in early pregnancy,

if you're feeding an ewe in late pregnancy (last 4 - 6 weeks gestation)?

0.5 - 0.75 lbs of GRAIN

15

Neonatal sheep

lamb

16

Neonatal goat

kid

17

Young female sheep 

Ewe lamb

18

Young female goat

Doeling

19

Young male sheep

Ram lamb

20

Young male goat

Kid buck

21

Mature female sheep 

Ewe

22

Mature female goat

Doe

23

Mature male sheep

Ram

24

Mature male goat

Buck

25

Castrated male sheep

Wether

26

Castrated male goat

Wether