Clinical Parasitism of Small Ruminants Flashcards Preview

RUSVM LAM II Practice Questions > Clinical Parasitism of Small Ruminants > Flashcards

Flashcards in Clinical Parasitism of Small Ruminants Deck (33)
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1

You see this in a fecal smear from a sheep that is

over 3 weeks of age. What is your primary ddx?

Coccidiosis

2

You see this in a fecal smear from a sheep that is

LESS THAN 3 weeks of age. What is your primary ddx?

Cryptosporidium

3

How is coccidiosis diagnosed?

An oocyst count of greater than 5,000/gram of feces

PLUS

clinical signs (diarrhea, ill thrift, mucky butt, anorexia)

4

What are your 4 differentials if you suspect coccidiosis

as your primary ddx?

Colibacillosis

Salmonellosis

Clostridium

Cryptosporidiosis

5

What are the risk factors for coccidiosis?

Weaning

Overcrowding

Wet environment

Feet and feces in feeders

Poor nutrition

6

How is coccidiosis treated?

5 day course of:

Sulfonamides

Amprolium (beware of polioencephalomalacia)

or

Ionophores

7

What are the 3 parasites associated with Strongylosis?

Haemonchus

Trichostrongylus

Nematodirus

8

________ causes anemia and hypoproteinemia in lambs and kids

Haemonchus

9

This test detects sheep that are parasitized

in order to selectively deworm animals to decrease drug resistance

FAMACHA

10

What is the main clinical sign of strongylosis?

Bottle jaw

11

What 2 species of lungworms are we worried about in

small ruminants?

Dictyocaulus filarial

Mullerius capillaris

12

________ are the intermediate host of lungworms

Snails

13

The proper name of the Meningeal Worm

Paralaphestrongylus tenuis

14

The Meningeal Worm (Paralaphestrongylus tenuis) is a parasite

of ________. Sheep and goats are just the aberrant hosts.

White-tailed deer

15

What are the intermediate hosts of the

Meningeal Worm (Paralaphestrongylus tenuis)?

Snails and Slugs

16

Meningeal Worm (Paralaphestrongylus tenuis) infection

is seen more commonly in this season

Winter (parasite in migratory phase)

17

Bambi got hungry and ate Gary from Spongebob.

Bambi then went to hang out with Babe the pig and his sheepy friends.

Now, a bunch of Babe's sheepy friends 

are recumbent but BAR.

What is your primary ddx?

Meningeal Worm (Paralaphestrongylus tenuis)

18

How is Meningeal Worm (Paralaphestrongylus tenuis) treated?

FENBENDAZOLE and CORTICOSTEROIDS

(not ivermectin, unless trying to prevent infection)

19

The proper name for nasal bots.

Oestrus ovis

20

Which 2 species of flukes do we worry about with small

ruminants?

Fasciola and Paramphistomum

21

Flukes, found in low lying wet swampy areas,

cause ______ damage, which predisposes to

potentially deadly clostridial diseases

Liver

22

This species of tapeworms affects sheep, goats, and cattle

Monieza

23

DOGS have the potential to spread this species

of tapeworm's cysts to sheep.

Taenia hydagenita

24

How is fly strike prevented in small ruminants?

Organophosphate or Pyrethrin dip/pour-on

25

Sheep scab is caused by this parasite

Psoroptes communis ovis

26

A herd of goats is seen with pruritic, crusty lesions on the

pastern area. What is your primary ddx?

Chorioptic mange

27

Which 2 species of babesia affect sheep and goats?

Babesia motasi

Babesia ovis

28

Babesiosis is _______ in younger animals

MILDER

29

An older sheep presents with acute onset

fever, anorexia, and jaundice

Pyriform lobes are seen in its RBCs.

What is causing this animals condition?

Babesiosis

30

How is Babesiosis treated in sheep and goats?

Imidocarb

Diminazene