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Flashcards in Small Ruminant Breeds Deck (39)
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1

The oldest domesticated farm animal is the ______

goat

2

Goats have ______ chromosomes

60

3

In goats, the intersex condition is linked to the ________ gene

hornless

4

Wild Type Goat Breeds include these 2 genuses

Genus capra

Genus hemitragus

5

This type of domestic goat is kept for its fiber- mohair

which is similar to wool but smoother and thinner.

This breed is also very susceptible to parasites

Angora

6

This domestic type goat is exotic, usually kept as a pet, horned

and a duel purpose breed.

African Pygmy

7

What are the 6 breeds of goats used for dairy?

Nubian

Saanen

Toggenburg

Alpine

Oberhasli

La Mancha

(TONALS)

8

This dairy breed of goat is an all purpose breed

hornless,

have ears that extend at least one inch beyond muscle,

have low milk yield but high butterfat,

and have a "roman nose"

Nubian

9

This dairy breed of cattle is totally white or cream in color.

BOTH SEXES are horned!

They have erect ears and NO roman nose

Saanen

10

This dairy breed of goat is brown,

and has white erect ears with dark spots on them.

They have a white strip down their face and are known for

excellent udder condition and high milk production

Toggenburg

11

This dairy breed of goat is horned with a white strip down its face.

Bucks have roached hair along the spine.

They are good milkers with large well-shaped udders

and well placed teats of desirable shape

Alpine

12

This dairy breed of goat has

2 black strips down their face from above the eyes to a black muzzle.

They have black bellies and udders.

Oberhasli

13

This dairy breed of goat has

short ears (goher/elf ears)

and a high butterfat content

La Mancha

14

What are the 2 meat breeds of goats?

Boer and Spanish

15

This meat breed of goat is from south africa.

They are horned with looped ears, white bodies with brown or red heads.

They are highly resistant to parasites.

Boer

16

This meat breed of goat is now on the endangered species list.

Spanish

17

Fainting goats suffer from this hereditary condition

Myotonia congenita

18

Religious taboos are held against _________ but not ______

Religious taboos are held against GOATS but not SHEEP

19

What are the 3 wool type sheep breeds?

Merino

Rambouillet

Wiltshire

20

What are the 5 meat type sheep breeds?

Suffolk

Southdown

Dorset

Texel

Hampshire

21

This breed of sheep has the finest, softest wool of all breeds

Merino

22

Which is the horned merino breed of sheep?

SAXON merino = horned

23

Which is the polled breed of merino sheep?

Est a Laine Merino

24

This breed of sheep is used for wool, but also for meat.

It is found in the Western US and is very tall.

Rambouillet

25

This wool type sheep breed naturally sheds their wool

and are found on niche organic farms.

They have long legs and lamb easily.

Wiltshire

26

This meat type sheep breed is the most common breed in NA.

They are hornless and have a black face

with NO WOOL ON THEIR FACE.

Suffolk

27

Suffolk sheep can have this genetic condition

which causes them to have large butts.

CALLIPYGE

28

Suffolk sheep are genetically prone to _________

which can lead to encephalopathy

Scrapie

29

This meat type sheep breed is

MEDIUM TO SMALL sized and are gray to mouse-brown in color.

Dams usually have TWINS first, then singles later in life.

They have curly white coats with good quality wool

Southdown

30

This meat breed of sheep is most known for its

prolific lambing- 2 to 3 lambing seasons per year.

Polled is the DOMINANT gene.

Horned will present with curled horns.

Dorset