ANTH - Exam 3 Review (Applied Anthropolgy) Flashcards Preview

Anthropology > ANTH - Exam 3 Review (Applied Anthropolgy) > Flashcards

Flashcards in ANTH - Exam 3 Review (Applied Anthropolgy) Deck (41)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

What is the use of anthropology to solve practical problems?

A

Applied Anthropology -

2
Q

What problems occur with a top-down approach?

A
  • Apache Housing
  • Solar Water Pumps in India -
3
Q

What utilizes a “ground-up” or grass roots perspective/approach?

A

Applied Anthropology -

4
Q

Describe the Solar Water Pumps in India:

A

The pumps helped save time because they spent less time pumping water but the children didn’t have jobs now. This led to a lot children getting in trouble. The women would destroy them because it ruined their social time. This widened the gap between the rich and the poor. -

5
Q

What are the Two Fundamental Categories of Applied Anthropology?

A

-Development Anthropology
-Advocacy -

6
Q

What is part of the broad, multi-disciplinary field of International Development, which tries to improve human welfare, particularly in underdeveloped and developing countries?

A

Development Anthropology -

7
Q

What emphasizes sustainability as a goal and requirement?

A

Development Anthropology -

8
Q

What is the study of culture’s impact on health and health-seeking behavior > Very strong applied orientation?

A

Medical Anthropology -

9
Q

What is one major area of medical anthropology?

A

health care and nutrition -

10
Q

What are examples of medical anthropology?

A

-Filariasis in India
-Behrehorst Foundation -

11
Q

What is a foundation that is meant to help women and children with many different things in Guatemala?

A

Behrehorst foundation -

12
Q

What are some examples of Grassroots Economic Development:

A

-Malnutrition is their first priority.
-They provide fresh water.
-He worked to really hard to find funding.
-set up schools and programs
-focused on rodent-proofing corn cribs

  • Pirambu and the Quatro Varas Project
  • Vicos Project- Allen Holmberg -
13
Q

Describe the Quatro Varas Project:

A

-focused on women
-they give business loans
-allowed women to sell their textiles to richer parts of Brazil, Germany, and other countries through this brand
-undercutting was not allowed -

14
Q

Describe the Pirambu Development Programs:

A

-Built 1/2 dozen bakeries which employ people.
-Set up schools to train women how to sew.
-Own a nut plantation which employs 7,000 men.
-Sell children’s postcards in stores; keeps children from going into crime.
-Everything was sold at the same price. -

15
Q

Describe the Vicos project:

A

-Allen Homberg: revolutionized agriculture in Peru.
-Did away with the share cropping system.
-Holmberg rents Hacienda and payed wages to everyone who worked.
-Taught Native people their culture and rights as citizens. -It was profitable because people wanted to work.
-productivity increased and increased until they bought the hacienda themselves -

16
Q

What was the name of the man in charge of the Vicos project?

A

Allen holmberg -

17
Q

What became a catalyst for wage reform in Peru?

A

The Vicos Project -

18
Q

What are the areas of applied anthropology?

A

-Ethnography
-Education
-Business
-Advocacy
-Program evaluation -

19
Q

What is an example of Applied anthropology in U.S. sub-groups:

A
  • Aids and IV Drug Use
  • most IV Drug users use unclean needles
  • free needle exchange programs in certain states -
20
Q

What are some examples of Applied Ethnography?

A
  • Darrell Posey and Amazon Indian Groups
  • Agrosilvaculture -
21
Q

What is utilizing whatever products are around to grow plants?

A

Agrosilvaculture -

22
Q

What is an example of a Program Evaluation in Anthropology?

A
  • Pretty suspicious of the US govt.
  • govt. gave a grant to provide completely free tuition but program failed
  • Justice designed a new curriculum, emphasizes team work, self-paced
  • It fit their life style better -
23
Q

What are some examples of Anthropology in Education?

A

-Ortiz de Montellano’s mesoamerican inclusive curriculum
- Cathie Jordan and project KEEP -

24
Q

Describe project KEEP:

A
  • formed to help teach Hawaiian children
  • In classroom, kids have no responsibility, teacher assigns work, everything, etc
  • minimize verbal instruction
  • assign a specific tasks
  • withdraw from direct attention
  • At home, kids are given all the responsibilities.
  • Hawaiian kids love working! -
25
Q

What does Project KEEP stand for?

A

Kemejaya Elementary Education Program -

26
Q

Who created Project KEEP?

A

Cathie Jordan -

27
Q

Who created the Mesoamerican inclusive curriculum?

A

Ortiz de Montellano -

28
Q

What did Ortiz de Montellano’s mesoamerican inclusive curriculum do?

A

improved performance in areas with Native American minorities -

29
Q

Who created the Navajo Paramedic Program?

A

James Justice -

30
Q

What are some examples of applied anthropology in advocacy?

A
  • Airton Barreto and the Pirambu Center for Human Rights
  • Darrell Posey and defense of native peoples in Amazon
  • Expert Witnesses: Omer Stewart and John Hostetler -
31
Q

Did the Supreme Court find in favor of the Amish people?

A

Yes, so they are not required to attend public high school -

32
Q

Who was the anthropologist expert witness that fought for Amish teenagers being compelled to attend public high school?

A

John Hostetler -

33
Q

What is peyote?

A

a hallucinogenic drug that Native Americans use in church for religious ceremonies and rituals -

34
Q

Who was an Anthropologist expert witness for Native American religious freedom (use of peyote in the church)?

A

Omer Stewart -

35
Q

Did the supreme court find in favor of the Native American church or not?

A

in favor of the Native American church, so they were able to use the drug -

36
Q

What are some anthropologist expert witnesses?

A

-Omer Stewart
-John Hostetler -

37
Q

Who spent time in jail in defense of native people in the Amazon?

A

Darrell Posey -

38
Q

Who is the lawyer for the Pirambu Center for Human Rights?

A

Airton Barreto -

39
Q

What are some examples of how Anthropologists work in Business?

A

-Cultural Broker
-Ethnography in the work place -

40
Q

What is a cultural broker?

A

-they help US companies understand cultures and help with scheduling that fits with those cultures
-move to former Communist block countries to teach them how to do capitalism -

41
Q

How does ethnography of the workplace work?

A

-Program Evaluation: ethnography of the workplace, attitudes.
-EX- Hector Qirko would go around and teach ethnography in the workplace to the TVA, draws up reports about all the data gathered to improve the company
-TennCare -