Anthropology exam 1 - FLASHCARDS - Lecture 2 Preview

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1
Q

What is anthropology?

A

the comparative and holistic study of human biology and culture.

2
Q

What are the four sub fields of anthropology?

A

Cultural anthropology, biological anthropology, archaeology, and linguistics

3
Q

What is nautical anthropology?

A

dealing with the movement on water

4
Q

What is human paleontology?

A

study of the human and primate fossil record

5
Q

What did human paleontology begin with?

A

the first hominids (first primates standing on two legs)

6
Q

What were the first hominids?

A

Australopithecines, originated in Africa

7
Q

What is ostenology?

A

The study of the human skeleton

8
Q

What is parodic hyperstosis caused by?

A

Iron deficiency and malnutrition. Weakens the bones.

9
Q

What are Harris lines?

A

Lines found on the arm and leg bones. Signs of arrested development and growth stunting. Chronically malnourished are most at risk

10
Q

What is anthropometry?

A

The study of human weights and measurements

11
Q

What does a barrel chest allow for?

A

Larger lungs and a larger heart to pump more blood

12
Q

What is archaeology?

A

Study of human cultural remains

13
Q

What are examples of archaeology?

A

Neanderthals