ANTH 205 - Exam 3 Review (Ethnomedicine + the poor) Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in ANTH 205 - Exam 3 Review (Ethnomedicine + the poor) Deck (34)
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1
Q

What is information that pertains to theories of disease and forms of therapy specific to a given culture?

A

Ethnomedicine -

2
Q

Sickness and diseases are what?

A

Human universals -

3
Q

What is a type of therapy where surgery is preformed by cutting a small hole into the skull in circular shape and removing part of the skull?

A

Trephination -

4
Q

What did indigenous people believe that trephination was for?

A

to let something out, such as an evil spirit, demon, or even pressure -

5
Q

How were medicinal plants discovered?

A

Too much complex knowledge to have happened at random or at chance, the scientific method must have been used -

6
Q

What were often strong alkaloids?

A

medicinal plants -

7
Q

What is an agent used to induce contraction during labor that is found in Avocado and Papaya plants?

A

oxytoxic -

8
Q

What is an infectious disease spread by animals that can naturally be transmitted to humans that is high virulence and unrecognizable?

A

zoonose -

9
Q

Where was a zoonose originated?

A

China -

10
Q

Who gave patients Amanita muscaria (hallucinogenic mushrooms), then drank the patient’s urine, and then hallucinates and has visions of the cure for that patient?

A

Koryak shaman -

11
Q

Where are the Koryak people from?

A

Siberia -

12
Q

What is an hallucinogenic mushroom used by the Koryaks for cure and recreational purposes?

A

Amanita muscaria -

13
Q

How did the Koryak people discover drinking the urine of those who ate the mushrooms would get you high?

A

By watching animal behavior (reindeer love the mushrooms and drink each other’s urine) -

14
Q

What is probably the origin of the idea that reindeers can fly?

A

Probably from reindeers getting high after eating mushrooms and jumping/ hopping around -

15
Q

What is the concept of the Limited Good?

A
  • In traditional societies, it is believed there is a finite amount of “good” to go around.
  • In other words the amount of land, money, etc. available is held to be finite, so every time one person profits, another one loses. -
16
Q

What is an off-shoot, or product of state level societies and market economies?

A

The World’s Have-Not’s (rural and urban poor) -

17
Q

Describe the world’s have-nots:

A

-high infant mortality rates
-poor health and nutrition
-little or no autonomy
-unequal distribution of income -

18
Q

What percent of the world’s population is a part of the world’s have-nots?

A

50% -

19
Q

What percent of the world lives on a dollar a day or less? (extreme poverty)

A

30% -

20
Q

What is the average life expectancy for those living in extreme poverty?

A

40-42 years old -

21
Q

What are the reasons for underdevelopment?

A
  • geography
  • Lack of land/resources
  • climate
  • Only recently oil, metals, construction metals, etc have become crucial for the development of countries
  • history of colonization
    -rural to urban migration
    -cultural lag
22
Q

What is the history of colonization?

A

many times, the base of which many indigenous countries could have started their wealth was stolen and their resources were often stripped by dominating countries -

23
Q

In 1914, what percent of the world’s population lived in colonies?

A

70% -

24
Q

In the US, the richest 10% earns how much more than the poorest 40%?

A

5 times -

25
Q

In Brazil the richest 10% made how much more than the poorest 40%?

A

28 times -

26
Q

What is an example of rural to urban migration and the cultural gap?

A

agrarian family ideals
-people from rural areas bring their agrarian ideals when they migrate to urban areas (such as having lots and lots of children) which causes extremely crowded shanty towns and disease -

27
Q

What is desperate Supply & Selective Demand?

A

Penny Capitalism
- Indigenous economies in which there is land tenure over tiny plots of land, where farmers produce crop surplus and engage in small-scale trading. -

28
Q

What are examples of penny capitalism?

A

-Guatemalan peasants
-minimum salaries
-selling of wares
-international companies and cheap labor -

29
Q

What are the health Conditions like in the world’s have-nots?

A
  • Poor Public Hygiene
  • Scrimshaw’s Vicious Cycle:
  • Epidemics: AIDS, tropical diseases
  • Lack of Adequate Medical Care
  • Infant Feeding Practices -
30
Q

Why are the infant feeding practices with the world’s have-nots so bad?

A

They tend to not breastfeed and formula is expensive, mixing dirty water with the powder introduces bacteria and parasites -

31
Q

What is scrimshaw’s vicious cycle?

A

> Malnutrition > Intestinal Parasites > Diarrhea > Weakening of the Immune System > Infectious Diseases > -

32
Q

What is the number one cause for infant mortality in the shanty towns?

A

Scrimshaw’s vicious cycle -

33
Q

Describe the New Slavery:

A
  • Sexual Tourism -
  • Comes in the form of prostitution, agrarian workers, etc.
  • Debt Bondage
  • Example of Girl in Brazil- 15 year old sold into sex slavery at 10 years old and rented out at 12 and many more times until released at 15, but went into prostitution with pimps after that
34
Q

As of 2010, how many slaves were there in the world today?

A

27 million -