art 1-50 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in art 1-50 Deck (50):
1

2 regions where the Catholic Church sought to maintain its dominance during the baroque era

Spain and Italy

2

intalgio printmaking

process where lines are inscribed into the matrix

3

Jesuits

Organization founded to convert non-Europeans to Catholicism

4

what is a flying buttress?

flying buttresses are external arches used in medieval cathedrals that allow for higher celings and window openings by counterbalancing the outward thrust of high, vaulted cielings.

5

name the three main orders of ancient greek architecture.

doric, ionic, and corinthian

6

which of the greek orders is the simplest?

doric

7

which of the three ancient greek orders is the most elaborate?

corinthian

8

what two materials are most commonly used for the construction of residential homes?

wood and brick

9

what two materials are most commonly used for hte construction of large commercial buildings?

steel and concrete

10

what are the three parts of the entablature in a greek temple?

the architrave, frieze, and cornice

11

what material was used to construct the eiffel tower?

wrought iron

12

the colosseum in rome is and example of what architectural feature?

the vault

13

the arch, the vault, and dome are similar in that all three features seek to stretch the boundaries of architecture by ____?

allowing for greater height and more space inside a building

14

what is a colonnade?

an arrangement of evenly-spaced columns that supports the entablature, arch, or roof.

15

name the two main orders of roman architecture

tuscan (a variant of the doric order) and composite (a combination of the ionic and corinthan oders)

16

this spanish architect is famous for his unique, organic shaped buildings made of stone

Antonio Gaudi

17

modern architects have tried to design buildings that are composed of (geometric/organic) shapes.

organic

18

who designed the first skyscraper?

louis sullivan, who designed the wainwright building in st. louis

19

This building was constructed in London in 1851 and consisted mainly of glass walls held together by slim iron rods.

the crystal palace, which was built for the world's fair in London.

20

what is environmental art?

art that makes use of the environment in which it is installed

21

when did environmental art first emerge?

the 1960s

22

true/false: environmental art is usually small in scale

false. it is usually large in scale

23

name a few characteristics of environmental art according to USAD

Large in scale, constructed on site, and only temporary.

24

true/false: environmental art often requires participation from the viewer

TRUE

25

engraving

intalgio process using carving tools to directly inscribe lines into a matrix

26

etching

intalgio process using acid to etch grooves into exposed matrix

27

lithography

process where ink is applied to a wax image drawn on the matrix

28

screen prints

process where an image is transferred to a fabric frame and acts as a stencil

29

THREE materials comprising paint

pigments, binders, and solvents

30

fresco

technique where water-based paints are applied to wet plaster

31

tempera

water-based paint with egg binder that draws quickly and has a narrow tonal range

32

region of the US struck with drought during the Great Depression

the Midwest

33

encaustic

wax-based paint fused to surfaces with hot irons

34

gouache

water-based paint similar to tempera

35

watercolor

water-based paint tinted by adding water instead of white paint

36

acrylic paint

synthetic paint developed after World War II

37

FOUR basic methods of sculptures

carving modeling, casting, and construction

38

carving

removing original material to create a sculpture

39

modeling

adding materials to a surface to create a sculpture

40

casting

creating a plaster mold used to replicate the original sculpture

41

Alexander Calder

sculptor who created mobiles whose parts are moved by wind

42

environmental art/Earthworks

large sculpture that redefines the space where it is created

43

mixed media

artworks that use several art media

44

FIVE craft products that have come to be recognized as art forms

pottery, jewelry, fibers, glass, and wooden objects

45

pottery

craft medium, using natural materials such as clay

46

slip

liquid clay used to join edges of clay pieces

47

kiln

oven used to remove all moisture from a clay piece

48

TWO fiber art forms

weaving and quilting

49

architecture

the design and construction of buildings

50

post-and-lintel construction

technique where a beam is placed horizontally across another two beams