August 18, 2015 - GI Anatomy Flashcards Preview

COURSE 1 > August 18, 2015 - GI Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in August 18, 2015 - GI Anatomy Deck (19):
1

Anterior Mesentaries

Include the lesser omentum and falciform ligament.

2

Lesser Omentum

Produces the lesser sac behind it. An anterior mesentary.

A image thumb
3

Falciform Ligament

An anterior mesentary structure. Connects the anterior portion of the liver to the anterior body wall. 

A image thumb
4

Epiploic Foramen

The only opening to the lesser sac. This is clinically relevant because it is almost like a hidden pouch that can present with problems.

A image thumb
5

Posterior Mesentaries

Greater omentum

Mesentary proper

Mesocolon

6

Greater Omentum

An anterior mesenteric structure.
bodyp 

A image thumb
7

Mesentery Proper

Or "the mesentery". The whole thing sticks to the dorsal body wall at one spot known as the "root of the mesentery." 

A image thumb
8

Retroperitoneal Structures

Pancreas

Portion of Duodenum

Posterior part of ascending colon

Posterior part of descending colon

9

Malrotation

During development, the bowels get twisted off. This is a surgical emergency in children.

10

Sympathetic Nervous System

Generally speeds things up --> Fight or flight.

Thoracic and lumbar outflow.

11

Parasympathetic Nervous System

Generally slows things down --> Rest and digest.

 

Cranial and sacral outflow.

12

Visceral Nervous System

Pain or "sensation" from organs. 

Feelings such as "bloating" etc

13

Prevertebral

In front of.

 

May be a ganglion or plexus.

14

Paravertebral

Stick out on either side of the vertebra.

15

Visceral Afferant Sensory Fibers

Clinically this is very important, because your heart sends out pain signals, which end up as jaw pain. Goes from the organ to somewhere else.

16

Celiac Plexus

Main innervation for the foregut.

17

Superior Mesenteric Plexus

Main innervation for the midgut.

18

Inferior Mesenteric Plexus

Main innervation for the hindgut.

19

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