August 6, 2015 - Microbes Have Homes Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in August 6, 2015 - Microbes Have Homes Deck (12):
1

Why are microbes found in specific areas?

Due to different environments.

Some bacteria like dry, others like wet. H. pylori can survive in the stomach at a pH of 1-2, where no other bacteria can survive. Some bacteria have adaptions such as Enterococcus's ability to destroy bile (which normally destroys other bacteria).

2

"Exo" Body Parts

Anything on the outside of your body. This includes your GI tract. Your GI tract is essentially a giant hole that goes throughout you.

3

Not all hosts are equal.

Factors that influence a pathogen's ability to "set up shop" include...

- Age

- Vaccination status

- Nutritional status

- Exposure history

- Immune system status

4

Some diseases you find cause you to ask if there is an issue with the host.

Tuberculosis

Group B Steptococcus

Pseudomonas

5

Common Bacteria for CNS Infections

Neisseria meningitidis

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Staphylococcus aureus

6

Common Bacteria for Upper Respiratory Infections

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Moraxella

Hemophilus

7

Common Bacteria for Lower Respiratory Infections

Streptococcus pneumoniae

Moraxella

Hemophilus

Mycoplasma

Chlamydia trachomatis

Legionella

Staphylococcus aureus

Enterobactericiae

8

Common Bacteria for GI Infections

Helicobacter pylori

Campylobacter

Salmonella

Shigella

E. coli

Enterobactericeae

9

Common Bacteria for Genito-Urinary Infections

E. coli

Klebsiella

Enterococcus

Chlamydia trachomatis

Neisseria gonorrhea

Treponema pallidum

10

Common Bacteria for Bone/Joint Infections

Staphylococcus aureus

B-hemolytic streptococci

Enterobactericeae

11

Common Bacteria for Skin Infections

B-hemolytic streptococci

Staphylococcus aureus

Many others depending on exposure

12

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