September 15, 2015 - SG - Diarrhea Flashcards Preview

COURSE 1 > September 15, 2015 - SG - Diarrhea > Flashcards

Flashcards in September 15, 2015 - SG - Diarrhea Deck (19):
1

Small vs Large Bowel - Volume

Small +++

Large +

2

Small vs Large Bowel - Frequency

Small +

Large +++

3

Small vs Large Bowel - Blood

Small -

Large +

4

Small vs Large Bowel - Pain

Small -

Large +

5

Small vs Large Bowel - Steatorrhea

Small +

Large -

6

Small vs Large Bowel - Weight Loss

Small +++

Large +

7

Small vs Large Bowel - Effective of Fasting

Small - Improves

Large - Unchanged

8

Small vs Large Bowel - Nutritional Deficiency

Small +++

Large +/-

9

Ciprofloxacin

Antibiotic used with broad gram-negative coverage.

10

Stool Sample - Bacteria Tested

E. coli 0157

Campylobacter

Yersinia

Salmonella

Shigella

11

Treatment for C. difficile

1. Metronidozale

2. Vancomycin

3. Fidaxomicin

12

Campylobacter

Transmission: chicken, raw milk, raw cheese

 

Organ attacked: large bowel

 

Symptoms: 1. watery diarrhea, 2. myalgia, 3. bloody diarrhea

 

Treatment: ORT. Ciprofloxacin if needed.

 

Complications: arthritis

13

Clostridium difficile

Transmission: disruption of normal flora or contact

 

Organ attacked: large bowel

 

Symptoms: diarrhea (usually non-bloody)

 

Treatment: metronidazole, vancomycin, fidaxomicin

 

Complications: sepsis, toxic megacolon

14

Enterotoxic E. coli (ETEC)

Transmission: Travelling

 

Organ attacked: Large bowel

 

Symptoms: watery diarrhea

 

Treatment: ORT / ciprofloxacin

 

Complications: dehydration

15

Yersina

Transmission: Contaminated meat, pets

 

Organ attacked: Large bowel

 

Symptoms: bloody diarrhea

 

Treatment: ORT / ciprofloxacin

 

Complications: arthritis

16

Salmonella

Transmission: undercooked poultry and eggs

 

Organ attacked: large bowel

 

Symptoms: bloody diarrhea

 

Treatment: ORT / ciprofloxacin

 

Complications: bacteremia, osteromyelitis

17

Shigella

Transmission: daycare, veggies

 

Organ attacked: large bowel

 

Symptoms: bloody diarrhea

 

Treatment: ORT / ciprofloxacin

 

Complications: arthritis, toxic megacolon, sometimes HUS

18

EIEC (chicken) / EHEC (beef)

Enteroinvasive E. coli and Enterohemorragic E. coli

 

Transmission: undercooked meat

 

Organ attacked: large bowel

 

Symptoms: pain, tenismus

 

Treatment: ORT / ciprofloxacin

 

Complications: HUS, hemolysis

19

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