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PSY 100 > B's in Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in B's in Glossary Deck (22):
1

babbling stage

beginning at about 4 months, the stage of speech development in which the infant spontaneously utters various sounds at first unrelated to the household language

2

barbiturates

drugs that depress central nervous system activity, reducing anxiety but impairing memory and judgement

3

basal metabolic rate

the body's resting rate of energy expenditure.

4

basic research

pure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base

5

basic trust

according to Erikson, a sense that the world is predictable and trustworthy; said to be formed during infancy by appropriate experiences with responsive caregivers.

6

behavior genetics

the study of relative power and limits of genetic and environmental influences on behavior.

7

behavior therapy

therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors

8

behaviorism

the view that psychology should be an objective science that studies behavior without reference to mental processes.

9

belief perseverance

clinging to one's initial conceptions after the basis on which they were formed has been discredited.

10

binge-eating disorder

significant binge-eating episodes, followed by distress disgust, or guilt, but without the compensatory purging, fasting, or excessive exercise that marks bulimia nervosa

11

binocular cues

depth cues that depend on the use of two eyes.

12

biological perspective

concerned with the links between biology and behavior. includes psychologists working in neuroscience, behavior genetics, and evolutionary psychology.

13

biomedical therapy

prescribed medications or procedures that act directly on the person's physiology

14

biopsychosocial approach

an integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social-cultural levels of analysis.

15

bipolar disorder

a mood disorder in which a person alternates between the hopelessness and lethargy of depression and the overexcited state of mania.

16

blind spot

the point at which the optic nerve leaves the eye, creating a "blind" spot because no receptor cells are located there.

17

blindsight

a condition in which a person can respond to a visual stimulus without consciously experiencing it.

18

bottom-up processing

analysis that begins with the sensory receptors and works up to the brain's integration of sensory info.

19

brain stem

the oldest part and central core of the brain, beginning where the spinal cord swells as it enters the skull; the brain stem is responsible for automatic survival functions

20

Broca's area

controls language expression-- an area of the frontal lobe, usually in the left hemisphere, that directs the muscle movements involved in speech.

21

bulimia nervosa

an eating disorder in which a person alternates binge eating with purging, fasting, or excessive exercise.

22

bystander effect

the tendency for any given bystander to be less likely to give aid if other bystanders are present.