R's in Glossary Flashcards Preview

PSY 100 > R's in Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in R's in Glossary Deck (32):
1

random assignment

assigning participants to experimental and control groups by chance, thus minimizing preexisting differences between those assigned to different groups

2

random sample

a sample that fairly represents a population because each member has an equal chance of inclusion

3

rational-emotive behavior therapy (REBT)

a confrontational cognitive therapy, developed by Ellis, that vigorously challenges people's illogical, self-defeating attitudes and assumptions

4

recall

a measure of memory in which the person must retrieve info learned earlier, such as a fill in the blank test

5

reciprocal determinism

the interacting influences of behavior, internal cognition, and environment

6

reciprocity norm

an expectation that people will help, not hurt, those who have helped them

7

recognition

a measure of memory in which the person need only identify items previously learned, as on a multiple choice test

8

reflex

a simple, automatic response to a sensory stimuli

9

refractory period

a resting period after orgasm, during which a man can not achieve another organism

10

regression toward the mean

the tendency for extreme or unusual scores to fall back toward their average

11

reinforcement

any event that strengthens the behavior it follows

12

reinforcement schedule

a pattern that defines how often a desired response will be reinforced.

13

relearning

a measure of memory that assesses the amount of time saved when learning material for a second time

14

reliability

the extent to which a test yields consistent results

15

REM rebound

the tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep deprivation

16

REM sleep

rapid eye movement sleep, a reoccurring sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly occur

17

repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)

the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity

18

replication

repeating the essence of a research study to see whether or not the basic finding extends to other participants and circumstances

19

repression

the basic defense mechanism that banishes anxiety-arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from consciousness

20

resilience

the personal strength that helps most people cope with stress and recover from adversity and even trauma

21

resistance

the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material

22

respondent behavior

behavior that occurs as an automatic response to some stimulus

23

reticular formation

a nerve network that travels though the brain stem and plays an important role in controlling arousal

24

retina

the light-sensitive inner surface of the eye, containing the receptor rods and cones plus layers of neurons that begin processing of visual info

25

retinal disparity

a binocular cue for perceiving depth

26

retrieval

the process of getting info out of memory storage

27

retroactive interference

the disruptive effect of new learning on the recall of old info

28

retrograde amnesia

an inability to retrieve info from one's past

29

reuptake

a neurotransmitter's reabsorption by the sending neurons

30

rods

retinal receptors that detect black, white, and grey

31

role

a set of expectations about a social position, defining how those in the position ought to behave

32

Rorschach inkblot test

the most widely used projective test that seeks to identify people's inner feelings by analyzing their interpretations of the blots