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PSY 100 > H's in Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in H's in Glossary Deck (18):
1

habituation

decreasing responsiveness with repeated stimulation. As infants gain familiarity with repeated exposure to a visual stimulus, their interest wanes and they look away sooner.

2

hallucinations

false sensory experiences

3

hallucinogens

psychedelic drugs that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absence of sensry input

4

heritability

the proportion of variation among individuals that we can attribute to genes

5

heuristic

a simple thinking strategy that often allows us to make judgments and solve problems efficiently

6

hierarchy of needs

Maslow's pyramid of human needs, beginning at the base with psychological needs that must first be satisfied before higher level safety needs and then psychological needs become active

7

higher-order conditioning

a procedure in which the conditioned stimulus in one conditioning experience is paired with a new neural stimulus, creating a second conditioned stimulus

8

hindsight bias

the tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it.

9

hippocampus

a neural center located in the limbic system; helps process explicit memories from storage

10

homeostasis

a tendency to maintain a balanced or constant internal state

11

hormones

chemical messengers that are manufactured by the endocrine glands, travel through the bloodstream, and affect other tissues.

12

hue

the dimension of color that is determined by the wavelength of light

13

human factors psychology

a subfield of I/O psychology that explores how people and machines interact and how machines and physical environments can be made safe and easy to use

14

humanistic psychology

historically significant perspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth

15

humanistic theories

view personality with a focus on the potential for personal growth

16

hypnosis

a social interaction in which one person suggests to another that certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will spontaneously occur

17

hypothalamus

a neural structure lying below the thalamus that directs several maintenance activities, helps govern the endocrine system via the pituitary gland, and is linked to emotion and reward

18

hypothesis

a testable prediction, often implied by a theory