G's in Glossary Flashcards Preview

PSY 100 > G's in Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in G's in Glossary Deck (19):
1

gate-control theory

the theory that the spinal cord contains a neurological "gate" that blocks pain signals or allows them to pass on to the brain. The "gate" is opened by the activity of pain signals traveling up small nerve fibers and is closed by activity in larger fibers or by info coming from the brain

2

gender

the biologically and socially influenced characteristics by which people define male and female

3

gender identity

our sense of being male or female

4

gender role

a set of expected behaviors for males or for females

5

gender-typing

the acquisition of a traditional masculine or feminine role

6

general intelligence (g)

a general intelligence factor that, according to Spearman and others, underlies specific mental abilities and is therefore measured by every task on an intelligence test

7

generalization

the tendency for stimuli similar to the conditioned stimulus to elicit similar responses.

8

generalized anxiety disorder

an anxiety disorder in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state a autonomic nervous system arousal.

9

genes

the biochemical units of heredity tat make up the chromosomes; a segment of DNA capable of synthesizing a protein

10

genome

the complete instructions for making an organism, consisting of all the genetic material in that organism's chromosomes

11

gestalt

an organized whole. gestalt psychologists emphasized our tendency to integrate pieces of info into meaningful wholes

12

glial cells (glia)

cells in the nervous system that support, nourish, and protect neurons; they may also play a role in learning and thinking

13

glucose

the form of sugar that circulates in the blood and provides the major source of energy from body tissues. When its level is low, we feel hunger

14

grammar

a system of rules that enables us to communicate with and understand others

15

GRIT

a strategy designed to decrease international tensions

16

group polatization

the enhancement of a group's prevailing inclinations through discussion within the group

17

group therapy

therapy conducted with groups rather than individuals, permitting therapeutic benefits from group interaction

18

grouping

the perceptual tendency to organize stimuli into coherent groups

19

group think

the mode of thinking that occurs when the desire for harmony in a decision-making group overrides a realistic appraisal of alternatives