Flashcards in A's in glossary Deck (42):
the minimum stimulation needed to detect a particular stimulus 50% of the time.
adapting our current understandings to incorporate new info.
the process by which the eye's lens change shape to focus near or far objects on the retina.
a desire for significant accomplishment, for mastery of skills or ideas, and for rapidly attaining a high standard.
a test designed to assess what a person has learned.
In classic conditioning, the initial stage when one links a neural stimulus and an unconditioned stimulus so that the neutral stimulus beings triggering the conditioned response. In operant conditioning, the strengthening of a reinforced response.
a neural impulse or a brief electrical charge that travels down an axon.
empathic listening which the listener restates and clarifies. featured in Rogers' client-centered therapy.
compulsive craving of drugs or certain behaviors despite known adverse consequences.
the transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending from puberty to independence.
a pair of endocrine glands that sit just above the kidneys and secrete hormones that help arouse the body in times of stress.
any physical or verbal behavior intended to hurt or destroy.
alcohol use disorder
alcohol use marked by tolerance, withdrawal, and a drive to continue problematic use.
a methodical, logical rule or procedure that guarantees solving a particular problem.
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state.
unselfish regard for the welfare of others.
drugs that stimulate neural activity, causing speeded-up body functions and associate energy and mood changes.
two lima-bean-sized neural clusters in the limbic system, linked to emotion.
an eating disorder in which a person maintains a starvation diet despite being significantly underweight.
an inability to form new memories.
drugs used to control anxiety and agitation
drugs used to treat depression, anxiety disorders, OCD, and PTSD.
drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe thought disorder.
antisocial personality disorder
a personality disorder in which a person exhibits a lack of conscience for wrongdoing, even towards friends and family.
psychological disorders characterized by distressing, persistent anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety.
impairment of language, usually caused by left-hemisphere damage either to Broca's area or to Wernicke's area.
scientific study that aims to solve practical problems.
a test designed to predict a person's future performance.
interpreting our new experiences in terms of our existing schemas.
areas of the cerebral cortex that are involved in higher mental functions such as learning, remembering, thinking, and speaking.
learning that certain events occur together.
an emotional tie with another person.
a psychological disorder marked by the appearance by age 7 of one or more of three key symptoms; extreme inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity.
feelings that predispose us to respond in a particular way to objects, people, and events.
the theory that we explain someone's behavior by crediting either their situation or the person's disposition.
the sense or act of hearing.
autism spectrum disorder
a disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by significant deficiencies in communication and social interaction, and by rigidly fixated interests and repetitive behaviors.
unconscious encoding of incidental info (space, time, frequency) and of well learned info (word meanings)
autonomic nervous system (ANS)
the part of the peripheral nervous system that controls the glands and the muscles of internal organs. Sympathetic division arouses and parasympathetic division calms.
estimating the likelihood of events based on their availability in memory.
a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior.