N's in Glossary Flashcards Preview

PSY 100 > N's in Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in N's in Glossary Deck (18):
1

narcissism

excessive self-love and self-absorption

2

narcolepsy

a sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep attacks

3

natural selection

the principle that, among the range of inherited trait variations, those contributing to reproduction and survival will most likely be passe on to succeeding generations

4

naturalistic observation

observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without trying to manipulate and control the situation

5

nature-nurture issue

the longstanding controversy over the relative contributions that genes and experience make to the development of psychological traits and behaviors.

6

near-death experience

an altered state of consciousness reported after a close brush with death; often similar to drug-induced hallucinations

7

negative reinforcement

increasing behaviors by stopping or reducing negative stimuli, when removed strengthens a response

8

nerves

bundled axons that form neural "cables" connecting the central nervous system with muscles, glands, and sense organs

9

nervous system

the body's speedy, electrochemical communication network, consisting of all the nerve cells of peripheral and central nervous systems

10

neurogenesis

the formation of new neurons

11

neuron

a nerve cell; the basic building block of the nervous system

12

neurotransmitters

chemical messengers that cross the synaptic gaps between neurons

13

neutral stimulus (NS)

a stimulus that elicits no response before conditioning

14

nicotine

a stimulating and highly addictive psychoactive drug in tobacco

15

night terrors

a sleep disorder characterized by high arousal and an appearance if being terrified; occur during NREM-3 sleep

16

norm

an understood rule for accepted and expected behavior

17

normal curve

a symmetrical bell-shaped curve that describes the distribution of many types of data

18

normative social influence

influence resulting from a person's desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval