I's in the Glossary Flashcards Preview

PSY 100 > I's in the Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in I's in the Glossary Deck (33):
1

iconic memory

a momentary sensory memory of visual stimuli which lasts no more than a few tenths of a second

2

id

a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives. Pleasure principle, immediate gratification

3

identification

the process by which, according to Freud, children incorporate their parents' values into their developing superegos

4

identity

our sense of self

5

implicit memory

retention independent to conscious recollection

6

imprinting

the process by which certain animals form attachments during a critical period very early in life

7

inattentional blindness

failing to see visible objects when our attention is directed elsewhere.

8

incentive

a positive or negative environmental stimulus that motivates behavior

9

independent variable

the experimental factor that is manipulated; the variable whose effect is being studied

10

individualism

giving priority to one's own goals over group goals and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications

11

industrial-organized (I/O) psychology

the application of psychological concepts and methods to optimizing human behavior in workplaces

12

informational social influence

information resulting from one's willingness to accept others' opinions about reality

13

informed consent

an ethical principle that research participants be told enough to enable them to choose whether they wish to participate

14

ingroup

"us" -- people with whom we share a common identity

15

ingroup bias

the tendency to favor our own group

16

inner ear

the innermost part of the ear, containing the cochlea, semicircular canals, and vestibular sacs

17

insight

a sudden realization of a problem's solution

18

insight therapies

a variety of therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing the client's awareness of underlying motives and defenses

19

insomnia

reoccurring problems in falling or staying asleep

20

instinct

a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species and is unlearned

21

intellectual disability

a condition of limited mental ability, indicated by an intelligence score of 70 or below and difficulty in adapting to the demands of life

22

intelligence

mental quality consisting of the ability to learn from experience, solve problems, and use knowledge to adapt to new situations

23

intelligence quotient (IQ)

defined originally by the ratio of mental age (ma) to chronological age (ca) multiplied by 100.

24

intelligence test

a method for assessing an individuals mental aptitudes and comparing them with those of others

25

intensity

the amount of energy in a light or sound wave as determined by the wave's amplitude

26

interaction

the interplay that occurs when the effect of one factor depends on another factor

27

internal locus of control

the perception that you control your own fate

28

interneurons

neurons within the brain and spinal cord that communicate internally and intervene between the sensory inputs and motor outputs

29

interpretation

the analyst's noting supposed dream meaning, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight

30

intimacy

the ability to form close, loving relationships; a primary developmental task in late adolescence and early adulthood

31

intrinsic motivation

a desire to perform a behavior effectively for its own sake

32

intuition

an effortless, immediate, automatic feeling or thought

33

iris

a ring of muscle tissue that forms the colored portion of the eye around the pupil and controls the size of the pupil opening