T's in Glossary Flashcards Preview

PSY 100 > T's in Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in T's in Glossary Deck (22):
1

task leadership

goal-orientated leadership that sets standards, organizes works, and focuses attention on goals

2

telegraphic speech

early speech stage in which a child speaks like a telegram using mostly nouns and verbs

3

temperament

a person's characteristic emotional reactivity and intensity

4

temporal lobe

portion of the cerebral cortex lying roughly above the ears; includes the auditory areas, each receiving info primarily from the opposite ear

5

teratogens

agents that can reach the embryo or fetus during prenatal development and cause harm

6

terror-management theory

a theory of death related anxiety; explores people's emotional and behavioral responses to reminders of their impending death

7

testing effect

enhanced memory after retrieving info, rather than simply reading it

8

testosterone

the most important of male sex hormones, in males stimulates the growth of the male sex organs in the fetus and the development of the male sex characteristics during puberty

9

thalamus

the brain's sensory switchboard, located on the top of the brain stem; it directs messages to the sensory receiving areas of the cortex and transmits replies to the cerebellum and medulla

10

THC

the major active ingredient in marijuana; triggers a variety of effects including mild hallucinations

11

theory

an explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes observations and predicts behaviors or events

12

theory of mind

people's ideas about their own and others' mental states -- about their feelings, perceptions, thoughts, and behaviors these might predict

13

therapeutic alliance

a bond of trust and mutual understanding between a therapist and client

14

threshold

the level of stimulation required to trigger a neural impulse

15

token economy

an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats

16

tolerance

the diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug, requiring the user to take larger and larger doses before experiencing the drug's effect

17

top-down processing

info processing guided by higher-level mental processes

18

trait

a characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act, as assessed by self-report inventories and peer reports

19

transduction

conversion of one form of energy into another

20

transference

the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships

21

transgender

an umbrella term describing people whose gender identity or expression differs from that associated with their birth sex

22

two-word stage

beginning about age 2, the stage in speech development during which a child speaks mostly in two word statements