M's in Glossary Flashcards Preview

PSY 100 > M's in Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in M's in Glossary Deck (31):
1

major depressive disorder

a mood disorder in which a person experiences 2 or more weeks with 5 or more symptoms, at least one of which much be either depressed mood or loss of interest or pleasure

2

mania

a mood disorder marked by a hyperactive, wildly optimistic state

3

manifest content

the remembered story line of a dream

4

maturation

biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior, relatively uninfluenced by experience

5

medical model

the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and cured.

6

medulla

the base of the brain stem; controls heartbeat and breathing

7

memory

the persistence of learning over time through the storage and retrieval of info

8

menarche

the first menstrual period

9

menopause

the time of natural cessation of menstruation; also refers to the biological changes a woman experiences as her ability to reproduce declines

10

mental age

a measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet; the chronological age hat most typically corresponds to a given level of performance.

11

mental set

a tendency to approach a problem in one particular way, often a way that has been successful in the past

12

mere exposure effect

the phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them

13

meta-analysis

a procedure for statically combining the results of many different research studies

14

methamphetamine

a powerfully addictive drug that stimulates the central nervous system, with speeded-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes; over time, appears to reduce baseline dopamine levels

15

middle ear

the chamber between the eardrum and the cochlea containing 3 tiny bones (hammer, anvil, and stirrup) that concentrate the vibrations of the eardrum on the cochlea's oval window

16

Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)

the most widely researched and clinically used of all personality tests. originally developed to identify emotional disorders

17

mirror neurons

frontal lobe neurons that fire when performing certain actions or when observing another doing so. may enable imitation and empathy

18

mirror-image perceptions

mutual views often held by conflicting people

19

misinformation effect

incorporating misleading info into one's memory of an event

20

mnemonics

memory aids, especially those techniques that use vivid imagery and organizational devices

21

modeling

the process of observing and imitating a specific behavior

22

molecular genetics

the subfield of biology that studies the molecular structure and function of genes

23

monocular cues

depth ques, such as interposition and linear perspective, available to either eye alone

24

mood disorders

psychological disorders characterized by emotional extremes

25

mood-congruent memory

the tendency to recall experiences that are consistent with one's current good or bad mood

26

morpheme

the smallest until that carries a meaning, may be a word or part of a word

27

motivation

a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior

28

motor cortex

an area at the rear of the frontal lobes that controls voluntary movements

29

MRI (magnetic resonance imaging)

a technique that uses magnetic fields and radio waves to produce computer-generated images of soft tissue; show brain anatomy

30

mutation

a random error in gene replication that leads to a change

31

myelin sheath

a fatty tissue layer segmentally encasing the axons of some neurons; enables vastly greater transmission speed as neural impulses hop from one node to the next