F's in Glossary Flashcards Preview

PSY 100 > F's in Glossary > Flashcards

Flashcards in F's in Glossary Deck (23):
1

factor analysis

a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie a person's total score

2

family therapy

therapy that treats the family as a system. views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by other family members.

3

feature detectors

nerve cells in the brain that respond to specific features of the stimulus, such as shape, angle, or movement.

4

fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)

physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant woman's heavy drinking.

5

fetus

the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth.

6

figure-ground

the organization of the visual field into objects that stand out from their surroundings

7

fixation

according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved

8

fixed-interval schedule

in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed.

9

fixed-ratio schedule

in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses

10

flashbulb memory

a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event.

11

flow

a completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement of one's skills.

12

fluid intelligence

our ability to reason speedily and abstractly, tends to decrease during late adulthood

13

fMRI (functional MRI)

a technique for revealing bloodflow and, therefore, brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans. They show brain function.

14

foot-in-the-door phenomenon

the tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request.

15

formal operational stage

in Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts (beginning about age 12)

16

fovea

the central focal point in the retina, around which the eye's cones cluster

17

framing

the way an issue is posed

18

free association

a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind

19

frequency

the number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a given time

20

frequency theory

in hearing, the theory that the rate of nerve impulses traveling up the auditory nerve matches the frequency of a tone, thus enabling us to sense its pitch

21

frontal lobes

portion of the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead; involved in speaking and muscle movements and in making plans and judgments

22

frustration-aggression principle

the principle that frustration create anger which can generate aggression

23

fundamental attribution error

the tendency for observers to underestimate the impact of the situation and to overestimate the impact of personal disposition