Flashcards in F's in Glossary Deck (23):
a statistical procedure that identifies clusters of related items on a test; used to identify different dimensions of performance that underlie a person's total score
therapy that treats the family as a system. views an individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by other family members.
nerve cells in the brain that respond to specific features of the stimulus, such as shape, angle, or movement.
fetal alcohol syndrome (FAS)
physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant woman's heavy drinking.
the developing human organism from 9 weeks after conception to birth.
the organization of the visual field into objects that stand out from their surroundings
according to Freud, a lingering focus of pleasure-seeking energies at an earlier psychosexual stage, in which conflicts were unresolved
in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified time has elapsed.
in operant conditioning, a reinforcement schedule that reinforces a response only after a specified number of responses
a clear memory of an emotionally significant moment or event.
a completely involved, focused state of consciousness, with diminished awareness of self and time, resulting from optimal engagement of one's skills.
our ability to reason speedily and abstractly, tends to decrease during late adulthood
fMRI (functional MRI)
a technique for revealing bloodflow and, therefore, brain activity by comparing successive MRI scans. They show brain function.
the tendency for people who have first agreed to a small request to comply later with a larger request.
formal operational stage
in Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts (beginning about age 12)
the central focal point in the retina, around which the eye's cones cluster
the way an issue is posed
a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind
the number of complete wavelengths that pass a point in a given time
in hearing, the theory that the rate of nerve impulses traveling up the auditory nerve matches the frequency of a tone, thus enabling us to sense its pitch
portion of the cerebral cortex lying just behind the forehead; involved in speaking and muscle movements and in making plans and judgments
the principle that frustration create anger which can generate aggression