Bacterial Diseases/Pathogens Flashcards Preview

USMLE Step 1 Random Facts > Bacterial Diseases/Pathogens > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bacterial Diseases/Pathogens Deck (29):
1

S.aureus, S.epidermidis

pyogenic cocci
abscess, cellulitis, pneumonia, sepsis

2

Streptococcus pyogenes

pyogenic cocci
pharyngitis, erysipelas (acute infection of upper dermis + superficial lymphatics), scarlet fever

3

Strep pneumoniae

pyogenic cocci
lobar pneumonia, meningitis

4

Neisseria meningitidis

pyogenic cocci
meningitis

5

Neisseria gonorrheae

pyogenic cocci
gonorrhea

6

E.Coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, enterobacter (aerobacter) aerogenes, Proteus (P.mirabilis, P.morgagni), Serratia marcescens, P.aeruginosa

opportunistic infections
Gram neg infections
UTI, wound infection, abscess, pneumonia, sepsis, shock, endocarditis

7

Bacteroides spp (B.fragilis)

Gram neg infections
anaerobic infection

8

Legionella (L.pneumonphila)

Gram neg infections
Legionnaire's dz

9

H.influenzae

congenital childhood bacterial dz
meningitis, upper/lower respiratory tract infections

10

Bordetella pertussis

congenital childhood bacterial dz
whooping cough

11

Corynebacterium diphtheriae

congenital childhood bacterial dz
diphtheria

12

E.Coli, Shigella, V.cholerae, C.jejuni, C.coli, Yersinia enterocolitica, Salmonella

enteric infection
invasive or noninvasive gastroenterocolitis

13

Salmonella typhi

enteric infection
typhoid fever

14

Clostridium tetani

clostridial infection
tetanus (lockjaw)

15

C.botulinum

clostridial infection
botulism (paralytic food poisoning)

16

C.perfringens, C.septicum

clostridial infection
gas gangrene, necrotizing cellulitis

17

C.difficile

opportunistic infection
clostridial infection
pseudomembranous colitis

18

Bacillus anthracis

zoonotic bacterial inf
anthrax

19

Yersinia pestis

zoonotic bacterial inf
bubonic plague

20

Francisella tularensis

zoonotic bacterial inf
tularemia

21

Brucella melitensis, B.suis, B.abortus

zoonotic bacterial inf
brucellosis (undulant fever)

22

Borella recurrentis

zoonotic bacterial inf
relapsing fever

23

Borrelia burgdorferi

zoonotic bacterial inf
lyme dz

24

Treponema pallidum

human treponemal infection
syphilis

25

M.tuberculosis, M.bovis

M.tuberculosis = opportunistic inf
tuberculosis

26

M.leprae

leprosy

27

M.kansasii, M.avium, M.intracellulare

M.kansasii = opportunistic inf
atypical mycobacterial inf

28

Nocardia asteroides

opportunistic inf
Actinomycetaceae
nocardiosis

29

Actinomyces israelii

Actinomycetaceae
actinomycosis