Inflammation (Acute vs. Chronic) Flashcards Preview

USMLE Step 1 Random Facts > Inflammation (Acute vs. Chronic) > Flashcards

Flashcards in Inflammation (Acute vs. Chronic) Deck (16):
1

Path

AI: microbial pathogens, trauma, burns
CI: persistant acute inflamm, foreign bodies, autoimmune dz, certain inf (TB, leprosy)

2

primary cells involved

AI: neutrophils
CI: monocytes/macrophages (key), B/T lymphocytes, plasma cells, fibroblasts

3

primary mediators

AI: histamine (key), prostaglandins, leukotrienes
CI: cytokines (IL-1), growth factors

4

necrosis

AI: present
CI: less prominent

5

scar tissue

AI: absent
CI: present

6

onset

AI: immediate
CI: delayed

7

duration

AI: few days
CI: weeks to years

8

outcome

AI: complete resolution, abscess formation, progress to chronic inflamm
CI: scar tissue, disability, amyloidosis

9

main Ig

AI: IgM
CI: IgG

10

SPE effect

AI: mild hypoalbuminemia, normal gamma-globulin peak
CI: polyclonal gammopathy, greater degree of hypoalbuminemia

11

peripheral blood leukocyte response

AI: neutrophilic leukocytosis
CI: monocytosis

12

what is rubor?

redness

13

what is calor?

heat

14

what is dolor?

pain

15

what is tumor?

swelling

16

what is functio laesa?

loss of function