Microbe Reservoirs/Transmission Flashcards Preview

USMLE Step 1 Random Facts > Microbe Reservoirs/Transmission > Flashcards

Flashcards in Microbe Reservoirs/Transmission Deck (38):
1

Bartonella

cat-scratch dz;
cat scratch

2

Borrelia burgdorferi

lyme dz;
Ixodes tick (on deer and mice)

3

Borrelia recurrentis

recurrent fever (bc of variable surface antigens);
louse

4

Brucella

brucellosis/undulant fever;
unpasteurized dairy

5

campylobacter

bloody diarrhea;
puppies, undercooked meat, unpasteurized milk

6

chlamydophila psittaci

psittacosis;
parrots, parakeets

7

coxiella burnetti

Q fever (flu-like, abrupt fever, profuse sweating);
cattle/sheep amniotic fluid (release spores that are inhaled)

8

Ehrlichia chaffeensis

ehrlichiosis (HA, muscle ache, fatigue --> blunting of immune system);
Lone star tick

9

Francisella tularensis

tularemia;
ticks, RABBITS, DEER FLY

10

leptospira

leptospirosis;
animal urine

11

mycobacterium leprae

Leprosy;
in armadillos (reservoirs)

12

Pasteurella multocida

cellulitis, osteomyelitis;
BITES from cats, dogs, animals

13

Rickettsia prowazekii

epidemic typhus;
human body louse

14

RIckettsia rickettsii

RMSF;
Dermacentor tick bite

15

Rickettsia typhi

endemic typhus;
rat fleas

16

Yersinia pestis

plague (bubonic);
fleas (rats and PRAIRIE DOGS are reservoirs)

17

toxoplasma gondii

cat feces or cysts in meat
(cats = only animal it can complete replic cycle in)

18

Naedleria fowleri

swimming in freshwater lakes

19

trypanosoma brucei gambiense/rhodesiense

tsetse fly (painFUL bite)

20

plasmodium spp.

Anopheles mosquito

21

Babesia

Ixodes tick

22

T.cruzi

Reduviid bug (painLESS bite)

23

leishmania donovani

sandfly

24

onchocerca volvulus

female blackfly bite

25

loa loa

deer fly, horse fly, mango fly

26

wuchereria bancrofti

female mosquito

27

taenia solium

undercooked pork

28

diphyllobothrium latum

raw freshwater fish

29

echinococcus granulosus

dog feces

30

schistosoma

snails

31

clonorchis sinenis

undercooked fish

32

paragonimus westermani

undercooked crab meat

33

Yellow fever

Aedes mosquito; monkey/human reservoir

34

Hantavirus

aerosolized mouse urine

35

S.aureus food poisoning

meats, mayo, custard
potato salad!

36

E.coli O157:H7

undercooked hamburger meat

37

Salmonella

poulty, meat, eggs

38

Vibrio parahemolyticus & V.vulnificus

shellfish