Flashcards in Benign & Malignant Neoplasms Deck (55)
What is juvenile xanthogranuloma?
single spot, growing in kids, present at birth, asymptomatic, pink undertonem
How do you treat juvenile xanthogranuloma?
resolve by 5-6 yrs
What is a spitz nevus?
melanocytic nevus, beefy red color, kids
What is the treatment for spitz nevus?
if anything atypical - completely remove it
What is halo nevus?
normal, look at mole inside, if weird take if off, some of these moles go away
How do you treat halo nevus?
monitor - common in kids
What is nevus spilus?
present at birth
What is the treatment for nevus spilus?
monitor and biopsy anything weird = nodule or papules = bunch biopsy
What is becker's melanosis?
teenage boy with light tan patch on chest and back, hairy, unilateral, shows up when hormones start
What is the treatment for becker's melanosis?
nothing, cosmetics (laser hair removal?)
What is ILVEN?
benign, present on birth on extremity, ITCHHHYYY, resistent to tx, papules --> straight line
What is the treatment of ILVEN?
NONE, relieve itch, surgical excision
What is nevus sebaceous?
scalp, present at birth, greasy at puberty, has BCC within
What is the treatment for nevus sebaceous?
What is neurofibroma?
benign tumors, look for cafe au lait, buttonhole sign, squeeshy
What is neurofibroma tx?
What is molluscum contagiosum?
contagious, shiny tiny umbilicated papule, viron in middle, croups, from fomites, itchy
How do you treat molluscum contagiosum?
Canthacur, veregen ointment In2
Can parents get molluscum contagiosum from kids?
What is mastocytoma?
single lesion, orange skin like spot, flat, when gets overhead then gets raised, then goes away --> mast cells in skin, run thumb over lesion in office and it will raise up
What is the treatment for mastocytoma?
resolve in childhood
nonsedating H1 blockers/H2 blockers - 2 week trial of class 1 steroids under occlusion
What is nevus ota/ito?
ota = face
ito = shoulder
ipsilateral blue sclera
What is the treatment for ota/ito nevus?
resolve by puberty
What is the treatment for hemangiomas of infancy?
What is the msot common benign soft tissue tumor in childhood?
hemangiomas of infancy
Who gets hemangiomas of infancy?
shite skin, higher in girls and premies
What are xanthelasma?
high cholesterol levels, increase risk of ischemic heart disease
What is the treatment for xanthelasma?
get blood work for lipis, numb and excisional surgery
What are milium?
tiny hard cysts, from heavy creams around eyes, make sure they are not something else