Benign & Malignant Neoplasms Flashcards Preview

Dermatology - Clinical Medicine IV > Benign & Malignant Neoplasms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Benign & Malignant Neoplasms Deck (55)
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1

What is juvenile xanthogranuloma?

single spot, growing in kids, present at birth, asymptomatic, pink undertonem

2

How do you treat juvenile xanthogranuloma?

resolve by 5-6 yrs

3

What is a spitz nevus?

melanocytic nevus, beefy red color, kids

4

What is the treatment for spitz nevus?

if anything atypical - completely remove it

5

What is halo nevus?

normal, look at mole inside, if weird take if off, some of these moles go away

6

How do you treat halo nevus?

monitor - common in kids

7

What is nevus spilus?

present at birth

8

What is the treatment for nevus spilus?

monitor and biopsy anything weird = nodule or papules = bunch biopsy

9

What is becker's melanosis?

teenage boy with light tan patch on chest and back, hairy, unilateral, shows up when hormones start

10

What is the treatment for becker's melanosis?

nothing, cosmetics (laser hair removal?)

11

What is ILVEN?

benign, present on birth on extremity, ITCHHHYYY, resistent to tx, papules --> straight line

12

What is the treatment of ILVEN?

NONE, relieve itch, surgical excision

13

What is nevus sebaceous?

scalp, present at birth, greasy at puberty, has BCC within

14

What is the treatment for nevus sebaceous?

complete excision

15

What is neurofibroma?

benign tumors, look for cafe au lait, buttonhole sign, squeeshy

16

What is neurofibroma tx?

nothing

17

What is molluscum contagiosum?

contagious, shiny tiny umbilicated papule, viron in middle, croups, from fomites, itchy

18

How do you treat molluscum contagiosum?

Canthacur, veregen ointment In2

19

Can parents get molluscum contagiosum from kids?

no

20

What is mastocytoma?

single lesion, orange skin like spot, flat, when gets overhead then gets raised, then goes away --> mast cells in skin, run thumb over lesion in office and it will raise up
benign

21

What is the treatment for mastocytoma?

resolve in childhood
nonsedating H1 blockers/H2 blockers - 2 week trial of class 1 steroids under occlusion

22

What is nevus ota/ito?

ota = face
ito = shoulder
ipsilateral blue sclera
Asian population

23

What is the treatment for ota/ito nevus?

resolve by puberty

24

What is the treatment for hemangiomas of infancy?

propranalol

25

What is the msot common benign soft tissue tumor in childhood?

hemangiomas of infancy

26

Who gets hemangiomas of infancy?

shite skin, higher in girls and premies

27

What are xanthelasma?

high cholesterol levels, increase risk of ischemic heart disease

28

What is the treatment for xanthelasma?

get blood work for lipis, numb and excisional surgery

29

What are milium?

tiny hard cysts, from heavy creams around eyes, make sure they are not something else

30

What is hidrocystoma?

tumor from apocrine or eccrine sweat glands
hotter climates