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Dermatology - Clinical Medicine IV > Burns > Flashcards

Flashcards in Burns Deck (48)
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1

What are 20-25% of burns?

work related

2

What are 20-25% of burns?

work related

3

What are the different types of burns?

scald, contact, fire, chemical, electrical, radiation

4

What causes scalds?

hot liquids, grease, steam, spill or immersion

5

What causes contact burns?

stove

6

What causes fire burns?

flash and glame

7

What are chemical burns?

acid or base

8

What are electrical burns?

household or lightening

9

Who has the highest incidence of burns?

10

What type of burns do younger kids get?

contact and scalds

11

Who gets serious burns?

males 20-29 yo
children

12

What percentage of burn pt in hospital die?

5%

13

What happens in structural fires?

half die from asphyxiation

14

What is an example of first degree burn?

sunburn

15

How does a first degree burn present?

epidermal, painful, blanches, erythematous

16

How does second degree burns present?

superficial dermal, painful, blisters present, erythematous, weeping

17

How does third degree burns present?

full thickness, insensate, does not blanch, hard/lethery, black eschar, will contract and slowly reepithelialize

18

How does forth degree burns present?

deep organ involved, insensate, does not blanche, involves bone, fat or muscle, extensively sustained burns

19

How do you determine severity of burns?

degree of heat, length of time, conductivity of skin, heat transfer, heat capacity of burn agent

20

What is a red flag you need to think about with burns?

abuse

21

What is the treatment for burns?

airway, fluid and pain management

22

What do you need to do before placing dressing?

clean with saline

23

What do you put on superficial burns?

frequent change
silver sulfadiazine (silvadene)
Bactracin
Mupirocin

24

What are the extreme burn tx?

surgical debridement, escharotomy, skin grafts, referral to burn unit

25

What is the burn center referral criteria?

Pt with burns and associated trauma
Children with burns at hospital without personal to care for children
Pt with preexisting conditions that could complicate management
Burns involving face, hands,feet genitalia, perineum, or major joints
Chemical burns
Electrical burns
Inhalation injury
Partial-thickness burns on > 10% of TBSA
3rd degree burns in any age group

26

What are the different types of burns?

scald, contact, fire, chemical, electrical, radiation

27

What causes scalds?

hot liquids, grease, steam, spill or immersion

28

What causes contact burns?

stove

29

What causes fire burns?

flash and glame

30

What are chemical burns?

acid or base