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Flashcards in Biomed Ch 6&7 Deck (57)
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1

Anatomy

Study of shape and structure of human body

2

Physiology

Study of functions of human body

3

Anatomical position

When body is erect facing forward with arms at sides and palms facing up

4

Mid sagittal plane

Vertical plane divides body into equal left and right halves

5

Horizontal plane

Divides the body into upper and lower portions

6

Cytoplasm

Gel like fluid inside the cell

7

Organelle

Part of cell that performs a definite function

8

Nucleus

Center of cell, Carries genetic information

9

Proximal

Park closer to the trunk of the body

10

Visceral

Internal organs or covering of organs

11

Periatal

Wall of a body cavity

12

Appendicular

Region of the body that consist of the limbs

13

Stem cells

Immature, unspecialized cells capable of replication and differentiation into other types of cells or tissues

14

Connective tissue's

Bind and support other tissues

15

What is the organizational levels of the body

Cells, tissues, organs, systems

16

What are the two major cavities in the body

Dorsal and ventral

17

What does the axial portion of the body consist of

Head, neck, trunk

18

What does the appendicular portion of the body consist of

arms, legs

19

What is the simplest organizational level of the human body

Cells

20

What is the federal government's lead agency for scientific research on oral, dental, and cranial facial disease

NIDCR

21

What is the portion of the skeleton that consists of the skull, spinal column, ribs, sternum

Axial skeleton

22

What is the portion of the skeleton that consists of the upper extremities and shoulder girdle plus the lower extremities and pelvic girdle

Appendicular skeleton

23

What is a specialize connective tissue that covers all bones of the body

Periosteum

24

What are cells that are associated with bone formation

Osteoblasts

25

What anchors the periosteum to the bone

Sharpies fibers

26

What forms the outer layer of bones where it is needed for strength

Compact bone

27

What is the lighter bone found in the interior of bones

Cancellous bone

28

What is a tough connective, nonvascular, elastic tissue

Cartilage

29

What is another term for joints

Articulation

30

Pericardium

A double walled sack that encloses the heart