Ch 18 Biomed Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch 18 Biomed Deck (31):
1

Virulent

Capable of causing a serious disease

2

Aerobes

A variety of bacteria that require oxygen to grow

3

Anaerobes

Bacteria that grow in the absence of oxygen and are destroyed by oxygen

4

Facultative anaerobes

Organisms that can grow in the presence or the absence of oxygen

5

Protozoa

A single celled microscopic animal without a rigid cell wall

6

Provirus

A hidden virus during the latency period

7

Prions

Very tiny infectious agents that do not contain DNA or RNA

8

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

A rare chronic brain disease with onset in middle to late life

9

Oral candidiasis

A yeast infection of the oral mucosa

10

HBV

A virus necessary for co-infection with HDV

11

HAV

A virus that is spread by the fecal oral route

12

West Nile virus

Spread by mosquitoes

13

H1N1 flu virus

A virus caused by A type viruses

14

MRSA

A bacterium that is resistant to some antibiotics

15

Why is microbiology important to the dental assistant

They gain and enhance understanding of infection control

16

Who is the father of microbiology

Louis Pasteur

17

Who was the first to record that micro organisms were responsible for hospital acquired infections

Joseph Lister

18

Who is credited for discovering the rabies vaccination

Louis Pasteur

19

What is the name of the staining process for separating bacteria

Gram test

20

How are prions different from other micro organisms

They contain only protein and no nucleic acid

21

What type of hepatitis is blood-borne

C, D, B

22

Pontiac fever is a type of which disease

Legionnaires disease

23

Bacteria cause what diseases

Tetanus, syphilis, TB

24

What is the first oral indicator of syphilis

A chancre

25

Herpes simplex type two is also known as what

Genital herpes

26

Bacilli

Rod shaped (tuberculosis)

27

Spirochetes

Spiral shaped capable of movement (lyme disease)

28

Cocci

Round divide in two (pharyngitis)

29

What are the five major groups of micro organisms

Bacteria, algae, protozoa, fungi, viruses, prions, rickettsiae

30

What dictates a pathogen's function

Structure/shape

31

What cannot be growing on artificial culture media and cannot be destroyed by anabiotic drugs

Viruses