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Flashcards in PRVNT FINAL Deck (32):
1

First stage of a carious lesion

Incipient caries

2

What groups of bacteria responsible for caries

Mutan streptococci lactobacilli

3

Cariogenic

Any food containing sugar or other carbs that can be metabolized by bacteria in plaque

4

Demineralization

Dissolution of calcium and phosphate from hydroxyapatite crystals

5

Remineralization

Process by which fluoride protects teeth from decay

6

Drinking diet soda lowers the pH of the oral cavity to ....

5.5

7

What substance within the saliva is an antibacterial protection

Immunoglobulin

8

What groups of patients can fluoride varnish be used with

All

9

What can be used to clean a denture

Commercial denture cleaner, dishwashing and mild soap

10

What are caries risk assessment tests

Measuring saliva flow and bacteria amount

11

Process of demineralization and remineralization

Can occur without loss of tooth structure, continual process, more demineralization than remineralization carious lesions develope

12

The presence of what indicates patient has high sugar intake

Lactobacilli (LB)

13

Purpose of placing sealants

Protect difficult to clean occlusal surfaces of teeth to keep bacteria from getting in pits and fissures

14

When should baby first visit dentist

By first birthday

15

How long does acid from diet and sugar free sodas attack the teeth

20 minutes

16

What component in saliva strengthens the tooth and assists with remineralization

Calcium

17

What can be used to slow caries process

Fluoride

18

Most prevalent childhood disease

Early childhood varies

19

What does caries process require

Susceptible tooth, diet rich in fermentable carbs and specific bacteria

20

First step in forming partnership with patient to prevent disease

Help understand what causes it and how to prevent

21

What reduces streptococci mutans

Xylitol

22

Root caries

Carious lesion found in elderly

23

What is rampant caries caused by

Xerostomia and eating frequent or excessive amounts of sugar

24

What's a factor in carcinogenicity of carbs

How long food stays in the mouth

25

Best way to visualize plaque on teeth

Disclosing agents

26

Where is early childhood caries most prevalent

Lower socioeconomic families with limited access to care, specific ethnic groups, areas lacking fluoridated water

27

What are oral irrigation devices used for

Reduce bacterial levels in subgingival and interproximal areas

28

Nutrients provide a body with

Growth energy and maintenance

29

Sources of carbs

Cereal grains, sweets, vegetables

30

Can dental caries develop without sugars present

No

31

What describes the sonic care automatic toothbrush

Brush head vibrates with sound

32

What mineral in enamel makes crystals easier to dissolve

Carbonated apatite