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Flashcards in Patient Care Deck (40):
1

JCAHO

Joint commission. Accredits hospitals. Regulates the quality/safety or care

2

HIPPA

Patient privacy

3

Good Samaritan Act

Voluntary decision to render care in a situation

4

Hypoxia

Low oxygen level at the tissue level

5

Hypoxemia

Low oxygen level in the blood

6

Dyspnea

Short of breathe

7

%of oxygen in air

20.9%

8

How much flow does a nasal cannula deliver

24-44%

9

How much oxygen does a simple mask deliver

35-60%

10

How much oxygen does a non rebreathing mask deliver

60-80%

11

How much oxygen does a Venturi mask deliver

24-50%

12

Pulse oximeter

Sp02(%)

13

Oxygen toxicity

Greater than 50% O2>5 days

14

OARF

Oxygen toxicity, absorption atelectasis, retinopathy of prematurity, Fire

15

Methods of suction

Nasal, oral (yonkauer), tracheal

16

Proper vacuum pressure

80-120

17

Oxygen should not be below...

94

18

What are the 3 legal areas of working with meds

Prescribing, administration, and dispensing

19

5 "rights" of meds

Right dose, med, patient, time, method

20

How many times do you identify meds

3

21

Crystalloid

volume expands, electrolyte replacement

22

Peripheral

Hand arm leg feet

23

Central

Large veins (jugular)

24

Infiltration

Swollen site, cold to the touch, painful

25

What is a Foley catheter

Rectal

26

Reasons for giving I.v.

replacement: (supplement fluids), blood components, maintain blood pressure/profusion
Med route

27

Hypovolemic shock

Low circulating blood

28

Cardio shock

Heart pump failure

29

Vascular shock

Vasodilation causes blood to pool causing septic shock (infection), psychologenic shock (fainting), neurogenic shock (CNS damage)

30

Anaphylactic shock

Allergic reaction

31

Sign of shock

Low blood pressure

32

Seizures are caused by

Cascade of electrical impulses from brain

33

What are causes of seizures

High fever, hypoglycemia, withdrawal, head trauma

34

FAST

Face, arm, speech, time

35

Treatment for asthma

Aerosolized bronchodilator

36

Type 1 diabetes

Insulin dependent

37

Type 2 diabetes

Non insulin dependent

38

Gestational diabetes

While pregnant

39

Hypoglycemia

Too little sugar treat with carbs

40

Hyperglycemia

Too much sugar treat with insulin (diabetic coma)