Biomed Ch 17 Oral Path Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Biomed Ch 17 Oral Path Deck (57):
1

Which lesions are below the mucosal surface

Ulcers, cysts, areas of erosion

2

Which lesions extend above the mucosal surface

Blisters, pustules, and plaques

3

What lesion is even with the mucosal surface

Ecchymosis (bruising)

4

What type of condition appears as a white patch area

Leukoplakia

5

What condition is caused by yeast like fungal infection

Candidiasis

6

What is another term for canker sore

Aphthous ulcer

7

What is the condition in which inflammation causes severe pain and high fever

Cellulitis

8

What is the term for inflammation of the tongue

Glossitis

9

What is the condition in which a pattern on the tongue changes

Geographic tongue

10

What is the condition in which the body does not absorb vitamin b 12

Pernicious anemia

11

What type of cancer affects the blood forming organs

Leukemia

12

What is a common precancerous lesion among users of smokeless tobacco

Leukoplakia

13

What is the term for a malignant lesion in the epithelial tissue of the oral cavity

Carcinoma

14

What causes radiation caries

Lack of saliva

15

What is the condition frequently seen on the lateral border of the tongue of patients with HIV/AIDS

Hairy leukoplakia

16

Which opportunistic infection is seen as purplish lesions on the skin or oral mucosa of patients with aids

Kaposi sarcoma

17

What is the malignant condition that involves the lymph nodes of HIV/AIDS patients

Lymphoma or lymphadenopathy

18

What is the difference between developmental disorders and inherited disorders

Developmental caused by a disruption of cells during dev, and inherited caused by abnormality in the gene

19

What is a congenital disorder

Present at birth and may be developmental or inherited

20

What is the term used for abnormally large jaws

Macrognathia

21

What is a more common term for ankyloglossia

Tongue tie

22

What is the common term for "tooth within a tooth"

Dens in dente

23

What is the term used for abnormally small teeth

Microdontia

24

What term is used to describe two teeth joining together

Fusion

25

Which teeth are most often affected by ankylosis

Deciduous molars

26

What is the hereditary condition that affects the dentin

Dentinogenesis imperfecta

27

What is the difference between attrition and abrasion

Attrition is normal process of tooth wear, repetitive mechanical forces cause abrasion

28

What is an oral indication of bulimia

Erosion of lingual surfaces of teeth

29

What are three potential complications of orofacial piercing

Infections, chipped teeth, broken teeth

30

Name the hereditary abnormality in which there are hypoplasia type defects in the enamel formation

Amelogenesis imperfecta

31

What is the study of disease

Pathology

32

A closed cell or pouch with a definite wall

Cyst

33

A localized collection of pus anywhere in the body

Abscess

34

A swelling or mass of blood collected in one area or organ

Hematoma

35

Medical term for bruising

Ecchymosis

36

A granular tumor or growth

Granuloma

37

A benign, chronic disease that affects the skin and oral mucosa

Lichen planus

38

A malignant tumor in connective tissue such as muscle or bone

Sarcoma

39

A malignant disease of the blood forming organs

Leukemia

40

A disorder that is present at birth

Congenital disorder

41

What are the eight sources of information that can be used to make a final diagnosis

Historical, clinical, radiographic, microscopic, laboratory, therapeutic, surgical, differential findings

42

A broad term for abnormal tissues

Lesion

43

Raised or flat lesions

Nodules

44

Common name for ulcer

Canker sore

45

Signs of oral cancer

Lesions white ulcerated area or red, lump or bulge, hemorrhage ulceration spongy texture magenta coloration of gingiva enlargement of lymph nodes anemia bleeding

46

How much greater are the chances of A person who uses smokeless tobacco to get oral cancer

400 to 500 times

47

Development of one or more extra teeth

Supernumerary teeth

48

Faulty development of enamel from interference involving ameloblasts

Enamel dysplasia

49

Term for unerupted teeth

Impaction

50

What are HIV patients susceptible to

Gingivitis, Periodontitis, cervical lymphadenopathy he, candidiasis, lymphoma

51

Deciduous teeth in which the bone has fused to cementum in Denton

Ankylosis

52

A malignant neoplasm him of the epithelium that tends to invade surrounding bone and connective tissue

Carcinoma

53

What is the body's response to irritation

Inflammation

54

What is the difference between herpes and aphthous ulcers

Herpes is on tissue bound to bone ulcer is on movable tissue

55

Redline by free gingiva

HIV gingivitis

56

What is the normal wearing away of two structure during chewing

Attrition

57

What is another name for premature loss and horizontal growth of permanent teeth

Impaction