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Flashcards in RDA FINAL Deck (220):
1

The patient record is a permanent document of whom

Patient

2

The dental history portion of the patient record provides the dental team with information regarding

Previous dental care and treatment

3

What charting symbol best indicates a tooth not visible in the mouth

X through the tooth

4

Why is a base placed

A measure of protection for the pulp, because Decay or trauma was close to the pulp, on the floor of the tooth preparation

5

Calcium hydroxide is used in dentistry as a

Liner

6

What product contains calcium hydroxide

Dycal

7

What are the two types of temporary sedative dressing materials

IRM and Cavit

8

What is the smear layer

A protective secretion produced by the layers of the teeth

9

What benefit does etchant provide during the bonding process

Roughens up the enamel and/or dentinal layers in preparation for bonding

10

A self etching adhesive eliminates the need to

Rinse etchant from the tooth

11

What is the main effective ingredient in tooth whitening material

Carbamide peroxide

12

On the California RDA written examination, only the clinical name, not the brand-name, of a material will be used

True

13

ZPC should always be mixed on a cool, glass slab incorporating the powder into the liquid in small, but steady, increments

True

14

When mixing a material, make sure all the powder is incorporated into the liquid prior to adding more powder

True

15

The most commonly used method of polymerization is the dual cure method

False

16

According to the dental board regulations, how long should sterilization monitoring records be kept

One year

17

According to the dental board regulations, what is the proper method for decontaminating impressions before sending them to the laboratory

Clean and disinfect using an intermediate level disinfectant

18

Which set of precautions is intended to prevent exposure to all body fluids

Standard

19

The majority of the spray produced by dental handpieces consist of

Saliva

20

Routine handwashing removes

Most of the transient microbes and some of the resident microbes

21

Instrument cassette should be wrapped

After cleaning and before sterilization

22

What agency regulates the registration of disinfectants and chemical sterilants used in dentistry

EPA

23

Which of the following is the best infection control practice for clinical contact surfaces that are difficult or impossible to clean

Covering surfaces with and impervious barrier

24

Routine handwashing for dental healthcare professional is the use of

Water and plain liquid soap

25

A surgical mask must be changed

After every patient

26

When putting on personal protective equipment which item should be put on last just before patient care begins

Gloves

27

In accordance with California regulations, the high-speed handpiece line and air water syringe should be flushed with water

After each patient

28

What is an example of a clinical contact surface

Countertops

29

According to California regulations biological indicators for assessing sterilization are to be used

Weekly

30

The purpose of dating packages of sterilize instruments is to

Retrieve packs in the event of the sterilization failure

31

What is the proper management for work surfaces that become contaminated with blood

Clean and then disinfect

32

Solutions use for cooling and irrigating during oral surgical procedures are best delivered through

A sterile delivery device

33

Give an example of an OSHA required sharp with engineered injury protection

A self-sheathing needle attached to a dental anesthetic syringe

34

Employees must receive training regarding hazardous chemicals at what intervals

Upon hire, whenever a new hazard is introduced, and at least annually

35

The OSHA Hazard Communication Standard is based on the premise that an employee has the right to know about the

Chemicals in the office

36

What viral infection can be prevented through immunization

Hep B

37

What most accurately defines engineering controls

Materials and devices that prevent employee exposure to hazardous or infectious substances

38

According to the OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard, each dental office must have an exposure control plan that is

Written and reviewed at least once every year

39

What is regulated under OSHA Hazard Communication Standard

Bonding etchant

40

The primary active agent in the solution used for unsaturated chemical vapor sterilization is

Formaldehyde

41

Which microorganism is used to identify a disinfectant as intermediate level

M. Tuberculosis var bovis

42

Photochemical waste is defined as

Radiographic lead foil and fixer

43

Universal/recyclable waste is defined as

Batteries and fluorescent lamps

44

Why is clear sealant material less desirable

More difficult to evaluate

45

What is the difference between filled and unfilled sealants regarding retention rates

No difference

46

What is the range of shelf life of sealant materials

18-36 months

47

What is done first if an adult patient does not have a pulse

Call for emergency assistance

48

Elevating the patients feet above the head to increase blood flow to the brain is the response to what medical condition

Syncope

49

Clinical considerations for patients with bronchial asthma should include

Shorter appointments to reduce stress

50

What kind of patient would benefit from prophylactics sublingual nitroglycerin

Cardiovascular disorders

51

What is one sign of anaphylactic shock

Respiratory distress

52

What is a blood pressure reading of 142/96 classified as

Hypertension

53

What is an analgesic prescribe for

Pain relief

54

What's an example of an anabiotic

Erythromycin

55

What is a drug that slows the clotting of blood

Coumadin

56

A scavenger unit is used for respiratory protection during the use of

Nitrous oxide

57

Of the common medical emergencies in a dental setting, the emergency were a patient experiences nausea, pounding heartbeat and feeling warm is

Syncope

58

Of the common medical emergencies in a dental setting, the emergency were a patient experiences a bad mood, anxiety and appears sWetty is

Hypoglycemia

59

What is a measurement of how hard the heart must work to pump blood through the body

Blood pressure

60

What is a substance that causes an immune response

Antigen

61

An effective product from the office emergency kit when needing to treat a patient experiencing a fainting episode is

Ammonia inhalant

62

What is a contraindication for a patient when a procedure calls for gingival retraction cord impregnated with epinephrine

Cardiovascular disease

63

Spreaders and pluggers are used in the

Obturation of a root canal

64

What endodontic procedure would be performed to partially remove the pulp

Pulpotomy

65

When a tooth has avulsed it has

Come out

66

Another term for necrotic

Dead and non vital

67

What portion of the pulp would the dentist remove in a pulpotomy

Coronal portion

68

The irrigation material most commonly used during root canal therapy is

sodium hypochlorite

69

What is the surgical procedure that involves the removal of the apex of a root

Apicoectomy

70

What could be a contraindication to a patient receiving fixed prosthodontics

Poor oral hygiene

71

What is an example of a contaminated item commonly found in the dental lab

Impression

72

Which instrument is ideal for carving occlusal amalgams

Discoid cleoid carver

73

The dental unit provides necessary electricity and hoses with air and water to the patient chair but what delivery system is positioned behind the patients head

Rear

74

What instrument is used to place and remove elastic ties and remove ortho separators

Orthodontic scaler

75

When working with a left handed dentist the instrument transfer zone is where

Between 5 and 8

76

Motions are categorized into how many categories depending upon the extent of the motion and the nature of the movement

5

77

Which classification of movement is defined as movement of fingers only suggest picking up a single item from a flat surface

Class one

78

Dental instruments used in general dentistry are divided into how many categories of restorative procedures

4

79

For a right-handed Dentist, where is the static zone located

12 to 2 o'clock

80

For a left-handed Dentist, the assistance zone is located

Between 8 and 10

81

What grasp is when the instrument is held in the palm of the operators hand

Palm grasp

82

What is the best way to remain approachable to an anxious patient

Encourage questions

82

Who legally owns a patient's dental radiographs

The dentist

82

According to California regulations, who is legally allowed to place a base during a restorative procedure

Dentist, RDA

83

What is a temporary sedative dressing

A temporary filling

84

According to California regulations, who is legally allowed to place a liner during a restorative procedure

Dentist, RDA

85

When using etchant, how long is it left on the tooth structure

15–20 seconds

86

Etchant material is

Typically electric blue in color, 37 - 39% phosphoric acid, very bitter tasting

87

According to California regulations, who is legally allowed to place etchant on tooth structure for purposes of a restoration or dental sealants

Dentist, RDA

88

The term polymerization means to

Cure, set, Harden

89

If a material notes that it is "dual cure" that means

The material will enter the initial setting phase on its own, but needs the curing light to complete the setting process

90

A provisional coverage also could be called

A temporary restoration

91

The two types of temporary crowns are

Custom or preformed

92

A custom temporary is made out of what material

Acrylic

93

According to California regulations, who is legally allowed to fabricate and cement a provisional restoration

Dentist, RDA

94

What can be used as both a provisional coverage for adult patients in a permanent restoration for pediatric patients

Stainless steel crown

95

The term festooning means to

Trim

96

What are used to trim around the margin of a stainless steel crown

Crown and bridge scissors

97

What is a luting agent

And adhesive, like a cement, that holds two structures together

98

Once a permanent restoration is cemented in place with permanent cement the only way to remove it is with

A handpiece and Bur

99

Zinc oxide and Eugenol is what type of cement

Permanent and temporary

100

According to California regulations, who is legally allowed to remove cement

Dentist, RDA

101

A digital impression is

A picture or image of the prepped tooth

102

The material placed in a denture that will pinpoint sore spot is called

PIP paste

103

It is except a bowl and customary to trim a provisional intraorally

False

104

When fabricating a provisional it is important to check the mesial and distal contacts

True

105

Prior to sterilization, loose contaminated instruments our process in an ultrasonic cleaner to

Remove debris and bioburden

106

What type of mechanical device is used to clean contaminated instruments prior to sterilization

Ultrasonic

107

The primary reason is surgical facemask must be used during a dental procedure is to

Protect the dental healthcare professional from exposure to spatter, spray or splash

108

When using the air/water syringe during dental treatment, which of the following personal protective equipment items is required by the dental board regulations

Gloves, mask, gown, and Eye protection

109

According to the board regulations, instruments, items or devices that penetrate soft tissue or bone are categorized as

Critical

110

Which PPE items must be removed before temporarily leaving a patient to retrieve supplies

Gloves

111

All disinfectants should be used

According to the manufacturers directions

112

When should chair side environmental barriers be changed

After every patient

113

What type of glove should be worn to protect the hands of dental healthcare personnel during instrument processing and operatory clean up

Utility housekeeping

114

The correct steps to take when a glove rips or tears during a procedure are

Remove the glove, wash and dry hands, and place on new gloves

115

According to regulations, protective eyewear, surgical masks, gloves, and gowns or lab coats are

Personal protective equipment

116

Using traditional radiographic procedures, what is considered a clinical contact surface

X-ray control panel

117

Instruments with the greatest risk of transmitting infection are

Critical instruments

118

Torn gloves should be replaced

As soon as possible

119

To reduce the risk of disease transmission in the dental office, it is recommended to

Use disposable items whenever possible

120

What best describes the appropriate container for biopsy specimen

Single use leak proof container with a biohazard symbol

121

What is recommended for managing contamination of digital radiographic sensors that cannot be heat sterilized

The use of impervious barriers followed by cleaning and disinfection

122

A critical step for healthcare workers in preventing the spread of disease is proper hygiene of one's

Hands

123

When cleaning contaminated instruments, an assistant receives a percutaneous injury to the finger. The assistant should first

Wash hands with soap and water

124

A single use item reduces the risk of disease transmission because it is

Discarded and not reused

125

According to OSHA, which infection control measure is considered the most critical for reducing the transmission of microbes in the healthcare setting

Handwashing

126

A used dental anesthetic needle is an example of

Regulated waste

127

According to the occupational safety and health administration, annual blood borne pathogen's training program should include

The modes of disease transmission

128

What modes of disease transmission best describes a human bite

Parenteral

129

Used radiograph fixer solution is usually considered

Hazardous waste

130

Which party is responsible for ensuring a material safety data sheet is available in the work place for each hazardous material

Employer

131

Material safety data sheets are required by OSHAs

Hazard communication standard

132

The accessibility of the exposure control plan for employees is the responsibility of the

Employer

133

According to the OSHA blood-borne pathogen standard, a contaminated sharps container should be

Leak proof, puncture resistant and closable

134

According to OSHA, safety measures that should be taken when using dental materials with potential he hazardous chemicals must be found in a

Material safety data sheet

135

What is an example of regulated medical waste

Biopsy tissue

136

A dental assistant who receives an accidental exposure on the skin from a contaminated source should first

Wash the exposed skin with soap and water

137

When a product is dispensed or stored in a non-original container, the item must be

Appropriately tagged and labeled with warnings for care and use

138

A percutaneous sharps injury refers to a

Sharps injury that does penetrate the skin and requires reporting

139

The air/water syringe is primarily use during the coronal polishing procedure to

Remove the remaining paste

140

The purpose of dental sealants is

To prevent decay from pits in fissures of teeth

141

Wire pits and fissures susceptible to caries

Fluoride is less effective in these areas, these areas are difficult to clean

142

Our sealants the only preventive measure used

No

143

What are the ways for sealant materials to harden

Polymerization, light cure, self cure

144

Sealants are placed

In pits and fissures

145

What patient safety precautions should be considered when one is placing sealants

Keep the etchant off the soft tissue, have the patient wear eyewear

146

What is the main cause of sealant failures

Moisture contamination

147

What is the purpose of coronal polishing

To remove stains and plaque

148

An oral prophylaxis includes

Removal of calculus and debris

149

What is the purpose of selective polishing

To polish only teeth with stain

150

Stains that may be removed from the surfaces of the teeth are

Extrinsic stains

151

Stains that cannot be removed from the surfaces of the teeth are

Intrinsic stains

152

What is the most common technique for stain removal

Rubber cup Polishing

153

Toward which direction should the polishing stroke be directed

Toward the incisal, toward the occlusal

154

What damage can result from using the prophy angle at high-speed

It can cause frictional heat

155

What world conditions contraindicate the use of an ultrasonic scaler

Patients with demineralization, narrow periodontal pockets, exposed Dentin

156

What is the more common term for dental prophylaxis

Prophy

157

Who can perform a dental prophylaxis

Dentist, dental hygienist

158

What is the ratio of breaths to compressions for an adult victim when CPR is performed

2 breaths/30 compressions

159

The most commonly used drug in a medical emergency is

Oxygen

160

In emergency care, the acronym AED represents

Automated external defibrillator

161

What does the AED provide to the heart

Jolt of an electrical current

162

If a patient tells you how he or she is feeling, the patient is referring to a

Symptom

163

What is the medical term for fainting

Syncope

164

The medical term for chest pain is

Angina

165

The medication a patient with asthma with most commonly have with them is

Bronchodilator

166

What kind of allergic response could be life-threatening

Anaphylaxis

167

An abnormal decrease of glucose in the blood can cause

Hypoglycemia

168

If the medication were placed sub lingually, where would it be placed

Under the tongue

169

By which route is a subcutaneous injection given

Under the skin

170

When the body reacts negatively to a drug, what is occurring

Adverse affect

171

The use of nitrous oxide and oxygen gas is together is known as what

Inhalation sedation

172

The chair side assistant should routinely scan the patient during treatment from their head to their feet. If there is a problem with the patient that the assistant can observe, it is said to be

A sign

173

If epinephrine is found in the office emergency kit, it is commonly used for what purpose

Allergic reaction

174

It's a bronchodilator is found in the office emergency kit, it is commonly used for what purpose

Asthma attack

175

Another term used to describe a systemic allergic reaction is what and is a life-threatening condition

Anaphylaxis

176

If the patient experiences and asthma attack while being treated, the dental team should

Remove all materials from the patient's mouth, place the patient in an upright seated position, hand the patient their bronchodilator

177

The first step a dental healthcare provider should perform before providing cardiopulmonary resuscitation on an adult patient is

Checking the patient for signs of breathing, movement or circulation

178

What is another type of vital sign that measures the concentration of oxygen in the blood

Pulse oximetry

179

The "A" in the ABCD's of basic life support stands for

Airway

180

The dental assistance responsibility in an emergency situation is to

Recognize the symptoms and signs of a significant medical complaint, provide appropriate support in implementing emergency procedures

181

An AED is used for all except to

Automatically perform CPR for 15 minutes

182

Oral surgical procedures require the use of

Sterile irrigating solutions using a sterile delivery system

183

Angles classifications are used to classify and describe

Malocclusion

184

To prevent alveolitis after a tooth extraction, the patient should be instructed to

Avoid drinking through a straw

185

The dental specialty that deals with the diagnosis and treatment of disease of supporting tissues is

Periodontics

186

A surgical dressing that is applied to the surgical site for protection is called a

Periodontal dressing

187

When a person occludes and mandibular anterior teeth cannot be seen, the diagnosis is

Over jet

188

What type of radiograph is most commonly exposed in endodontics

Periapical

189

To ease the placement of orthodontic bands, what procedure is completed to open the contact between teeth

Placement of a separator

190

How are brackets adhered to a tooth

Cement

191

In children, which teeth are most frequently injured

Maxillary anterior

192

What is a surgical Periodontal treatment

Gingivectomy

193

When the dentist taps on a tooth, what diagnostic test is being performed

Percussion

194

What type of radiograph would be exposed through the course of root canal therapy

Periapical

195

The diagnosis of inflamed pulp tissue is

Pulpitis

196

Obturate means to

Fill a pulpal canal

197

The material commonly used for filling and endodontically treated canal is

Gutta Percha

198

What type of moisture control is recommended for a root canal therapy

Dental dam

199

What surface of the posterior tooth would the dentist enter with the rotary bur when opening a canal for a root canal therapy

Occlusal

200

What is a removable prosthesis that replaces one or several teeth

Partial

201

Fixed prosthodontics is commonly referred to as

Crown and bridge

202

What piece of lab equipment is used to grind away plaster or stone

Model trimmer

203

When setting up an instrument tray or cassette with instruments, the instrument should be set up

From left to right

204

The portion of a dental instrument held by the operator is called the

Handle

205

Which instrument is not part of a basic instrument set up

College pliers

206

What provides removal of large amounts of fluid and debris from the patient's mouth

HVE

207

What portion of a dental instrument has a blade, point or nib

Working end

208

Which device is used to assist in keeping a patient's mouth open during a restorative procedure

Bite block

209

Which orthodontic instrument is used to snip off wire ligatures once they have been tied around a bracket

Pin and ligature cutter

210

During the instrument exchange process, the assistant hands off an instrument to the dentist so that the working end of the instrument is pointed toward the arch being worked on. The term used to describe this exchange method is called

Position of use

211

Which nonmechanical dental hand instrument is best used to remove dental caries

Spoon excavator

212

What instrument is categorized as a restorative instrument

Woodson plastic instrument

213

What instrument is categorized as an examination instrument

Cotton forceps

214

Similar to a hatchet, which instrument has a curved blade, is not flat and the cutting end is angled

Gingival margin trimmer

215

What controls dental handpieces and is attached to the dental unit via hoses

Rheostat

216

The assistants stool should be positioned

4 to 6 inches above the operator

217

What position places the patient's head lower than their feet

Sub-supine

218

What technique is used by the operator to prevent injury to the patient if the operators hand or the instrument slips while in use during treatment

Fulcrum