Camelids Flashcards Preview

Year 4 > Camelids > Flashcards

Flashcards in Camelids Deck (40)
1

Give some signs of discomfort in a camelid

Ear position
Teeth grinding/groaning
Body position eg restless

2

How would you take a jugular blood sample from a camelid?

Find C5 and C6 (bony processes)
Allow finger to slip medially into jugular groove to raise vein

3

Why should you take care when giving glucose to camelids?

They are quite insulin-resistant

4

What kind of fluids should you give to camelids?

Alkaline

5

Where can you take a blood sample from in camelids?

Cephalic, jugular, saphenous veins

6

Which jugular vein should you use in camelids and why?

Right
Oesophagus is on the left, plus the vagal nerve runs close to the left jugular

7

How much would a camelid's BCS decrease by before you called a vet?

1 point
2 point -> urgent

8

Give the ideal values of albumin and TP

Albumin: >20g/L
TP: >40g/L

9

Give some common causes of abdominal distension

Ascites, SI obstruction, pregnancy

10

Give some common causes of colic

Phytobezoar, enteritis, spiral colon torsion

11

How can you asses rumen function?

Listen on both sides for 2 mins, 6-8 rumbles = good rumen function

12

Where can you give IM injections?

Quadriceps (semintendinous), gluteals

13

Where can you give SC injections?

In front of shoulder, behind elbow (less fleece)

14

Where should you microchip a camelid?

Upper left neck (30-45o angle)

15

What are camelids vaccinated against?

Clostridial diseases
As required: BTV, lepto, rotavirus etc

16

Give some clinical signs of worms in camelids

Soft faeces, ill thrift, anaemia, malaise, death

17

Give the cut-off values for FEC eggs per gram of:
Trichostrongyles
Fluke, nemoatodirus
Haemonchus, lungworm

Trichostrongyles: 300-400
Fluke, nemoatodirus: 1 (use NADIS to know when to treat)
Haemonchus, lungworm: any are noteworthy

18

How can you identify Haemonchus?

Fluorescent staining in lab

19

When is albendazole CI?

When pregnant

20

Why should you be careful when treating parasites with levamisole?

Toxic
Use only if you can accurately weigh animal

21

Why are IV anthelmintics used instead of pour ons?

Poor absorption with pour ons

22

Name 4 eimeria species specific to camelids

E. lamae
E. alpacae
E. punoensis
E. macusaniensis

23

When should you treat against coccidiosis?

Early-born crias at weaning
Late-born crias at 2-3 months
Adults after stress
Incoming adults

24

Where would you usually see chorioptic and sarcoptic mites?

Chorioptic: abdomen
Sarcoptic: head

25

How do you treat mange?

Ivermectin
Injectable for sarcoptic mite as it is a burrowing mite
Pour-on for chorioptic as it is a surface mite
Typically 3-4 treatments, 7-10 days apart
Treat the whole group
Severe cases: shampoo, topical acaricide, antibiotics, skin conditioner

26

When is hyperkeratosis usually seen?

Weaning age, adolescent

27

What causes caseous lymphadenitis?

Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis

28

Give some clinical indicators of anaemia

Pale mm, pulse deficit, heart murmur, cold extremities, increased CRT

29

Give some possible causes of anaemia

Haemolysis, chronic disease, haemonchosis, fluke, gastric ulceration, ivermectin toxicity, mycoplasma haemollamae (blood parasite specific to camelids)

30

Why are cross reactions rare in blood transfusions in camelids?

Only 1 blood group

31

How much blood can you take from an alpaca and llama?

Alpaca: 1L
Llama: 1.5L

32

What does hypophosphataemia indicate?

Muscle weakness

33

When is castration carried out?

Over 18 months

34

What are the anaesthesia options for castration?

Local infiltration (max. 6mg/kg BW) along median raphe +/- intra-testicular
Triple stun (+/- local)
Caudal epidural (1ml/45kg BW)

35

Why is closed castration preferred over open?

Tunica vaginalis can prolapse as scrotum is not very pendulous

36

What are the 3 most common causes of weight loss?

Parasites
Tooth problems
Bullying over food

37

Which sedation compromises a triple stun?

Xylazine, ketamine, butorphanol

38

Which sedation would you give a cria?

Butorphanol and diazepam

39

Give some maternal and foetal causes of dystocia

Maternal: insufficient dilation, failure to expulse
Foetal: malposture, posterior presentationl, monstrosity

40

During labour, when are foetal membranes usually passed?

In 1-3 hours
Classed as 'retained' if over 6 hours