Flashcards in Goats Deck (39)
Why are commercial dairy goats housed all year round?
Goats don't produce age-related resistance to parasitic roundworms eg PGE (unlike sheep and cattle)
Which are the 2 primary species of Clostridial disease that affect goats?
Struck (C. perfringens type C)
Lamb dysentry (C. perfringens type B)
What are the clinical signs of clostridial disease?
Per-acute: rapid death
Sub-acute: profuse scour +/- dysentry (often with blood and mucous)
Give 3 trigger factors for Clostridial disease
Acidosis (over-feeding cereals or compounds)
Sudden change in diet
How do you treat clostridial disease?
ie symptomatic treatment
How do you prevent clostridial disease?
Lambivac (4 in 1 vaccine)
Give 2 differential diagnoses for diarrhoea in goats
Enterotoxaemia (C. perfringens)
Give some clinical signs of listeriosis
Septicaemia and sudden death
How do you treat listeriosis?
Antibiotics (potentiated sulphonamides)
What is the source of infection of listeriosis?
What kind of virus is Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis (CAE)?
Give some clinical signs of caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE)
Swollen joints (carpal joint)
Indurative mastitis (affected quarter is fibrosed, shrinks back)
Non-specific weight loss
How do you control CAE (caprine arthritis encephalitis)?
Test and cull (no vaccine or treatment)
Give the clinical signs of Johne's disease
Poor milk yield
(Faeces is unchanged)
Pathology: thickening of ileal walls, large mesenteric lymph nodes
How do you diagnose Johne's disease?
Ziehl-Neelsen staining of faeces
How do you control Johne's disease?
What causes caseous lymphadenitis?
What is the average milk yield of a goat?
What kind of milk secretion occurs in the goat?
What are the only licensed products for goats?
Coxevac and Gudair
Where is fat normally deposited in a goat?
If a group of goats is wasting away, what causes would you consider?
Nutrition (quality, quantity, clean and fresh, sufficient trough space)
If a single goat is wasting away, what causes would you consider?
Oral (teeth, gums, tongue)
How can you check calcium levels in a goat around parturition?
Hypomagnesaemia is rare in goats but why may it occur?
If fed nothing but grass
Give a common cause of respiratory disease in goats
Mannheimia haemolytica (pasteurellosis)
Give the 3 primary neoplasias of goats
Reproductive tract neoplasia
How can a mammary neoplasia lead to a pendulous udder?
Affects suspensory apparatus
How would you identify a goat with chronic laminitis?
Characteristic 'goose-step' walk
Spend a lot of time on their knees
Hoof is hard and box-shaped
Where is psoroptic mange seen in goats?
Where is chorioptic mange seen in goats?
When is the peak activity of Haemonchus contortus?
Give some infectious causes of diarrhoea in young kids
Give some non-infectious causes of diarrhoea in young kids
Poor feeding protocol:
-Milk substitute too dilute
-Haphazard feeding pattern
What % of goat coccidia are pathogenic?
How long is the gestation of a goat?
What kind of breeders are goats?
What are the clinical signs of hydrometra or false pregnancy?
When is it more prevalent?
More prevalent following synchronisation
Associated with persistent CL