Goats Flashcards Preview

Year 4 > Goats > Flashcards

Flashcards in Goats Deck (39)
1

Why are commercial dairy goats housed all year round?

Goats don't produce age-related resistance to parasitic roundworms eg PGE (unlike sheep and cattle)

2

Which are the 2 primary species of Clostridial disease that affect goats?

Struck (C. perfringens type C)
Lamb dysentry (C. perfringens type B)

3

What are the clinical signs of clostridial disease?

Per-acute: rapid death
Sub-acute: profuse scour +/- dysentry (often with blood and mucous)

4

Give 3 trigger factors for Clostridial disease

Acidosis (over-feeding cereals or compounds)
Sudden change in diet
Stress

5

How do you treat clostridial disease?

IV/oral fluids
NSAIDs
Analgesics
Charcoal/bismuth
ie symptomatic treatment

6

How do you prevent clostridial disease?

Lambivac (4 in 1 vaccine)

7

Give 2 differential diagnoses for diarrhoea in goats

PGE
Enterotoxaemia (C. perfringens)

8

Give some clinical signs of listeriosis

Abortion
Encephalitis
Septicaemia and sudden death

9

How do you treat listeriosis?

Antibiotics (potentiated sulphonamides)
NSAIDs
Fluids
Nursing

10

What is the source of infection of listeriosis?

Water

11

What kind of virus is Caprine Arthritis Encephalitis (CAE)?

Lentivirus

12

Give some clinical signs of caprine arthritis encephalitis (CAE)

Swollen joints (carpal joint)
Indurative mastitis (affected quarter is fibrosed, shrinks back)
Non-specific weight loss

13

How do you control CAE (caprine arthritis encephalitis)?

Test and cull (no vaccine or treatment)

14

Give the clinical signs of Johne's disease

Poor milk yield
Wasting
Anaemia
(Faeces is unchanged)

Pathology: thickening of ileal walls, large mesenteric lymph nodes

15

How do you diagnose Johne's disease?

Ziehl-Neelsen staining of faeces

16

How do you control Johne's disease?

Gudair vaccine

17

What causes caseous lymphadenitis?

Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis

18

What is the average milk yield of a goat?

800l/lactation

19

What kind of milk secretion occurs in the goat?

Apocrine

20

What are the only licensed products for goats?

Lethobarb 20%
Pentobarbitol
Oxytocin
Coxevac and Gudair
Sterilised water

21

Where is fat normally deposited in a goat?

Intra-abdominally

22

If a group of goats is wasting away, what causes would you consider?

Bullying/dominance
Nutrition (quality, quantity, clean and fresh, sufficient trough space)

23

If a single goat is wasting away, what causes would you consider?

Oral (teeth, gums, tongue)
Locomotor disease
Johne's disease
Chronic infections
Endoparasites
Ectoparasites
Tumours
Scrapie

24

How can you check calcium levels in a goat around parturition?

Blood sample

25

Hypomagnesaemia is rare in goats but why may it occur?

If fed nothing but grass

26

Give a common cause of respiratory disease in goats

Mannheimia haemolytica (pasteurellosis)

27

Give the 3 primary neoplasias of goats

Intrathoracic thymomas
Mammary neoplasia
Reproductive tract neoplasia

28

How can a mammary neoplasia lead to a pendulous udder?

Affects suspensory apparatus

29

How would you identify a goat with chronic laminitis?

Characteristic 'goose-step' walk
Spend a lot of time on their knees
Hoof is hard and box-shaped

30

Where is psoroptic mange seen in goats?

Ears

31

Where is chorioptic mange seen in goats?

Lower limbs

32

When is the peak activity of Haemonchus contortus?

Aug-Sept

33

Give some infectious causes of diarrhoea in young kids

E.coli
Salmonella
Rotavirus
Cryptosporidia

34

Give some non-infectious causes of diarrhoea in young kids

Poor feeding protocol:
-Milk substitute too dilute
-Dirty utensils
-Haphazard feeding pattern

35

What % of goat coccidia are pathogenic?

50%

36

How long is the gestation of a goat?

150 days

37

What kind of breeders are goats?

Seasonally polyoestrus
Sept-Feb

38

What are the clinical signs of hydrometra or false pregnancy?
When is it more prevalent?

Abdominal enlargement
Udder development
More prevalent following synchronisation
Associated with persistent CL

39

When are kids disbudded?
How many nerves are blocked?

Between 2 and 7 days old
4 nerves blocked