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Flashcards in Carbohydrates Deck (13):
0

What are carbohydrates made of?

Simple sugars

1

What does the simple sugars form together?

Starch

2

What elements make carbohydrates?

Carbon, Hydrogen and Oxygen

3

What happens when carbohydrates are digested?

They get breakdown into simple sugars such as glucose and produce energy

4

How do you classify carbohydrates?

Starch, fibre, sugar

5

What are some sources of sugar?

Milk, cake, biscuits, jam, soft drinks, ice cream

6

What are some sources of starch?

Cereals, potatoes, root vegetables, pulse vegetables.

7

What are the sources of fibre?

Vegetables, fruit, brown rice, brown bread

8

What are the functions of carbohydrate?

Sugar and starch:heat and energy
Fibre:prevent constipation and other bowel diseases
Fibre:give fullness

9

How does fibre prevent constipation?

It absorbs the water, it becomes bulky.

10

What are refined cereals?

Cereals that have been processed and the fibre gets removed

11

What does whole cereals mean?

These haven't been processed to lose fibre

12

How many grams of carbohydrates does the r.d.a aay we should have each day

30g