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Flashcards in Fabrics And Fibres Deck (54)
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Fibres

Fine hair-like structures and is used to make yarn

1

Continuous filaments

Very long fibres

2

Staple fibres

Short fibres

3

Yarn

Twisted fibres used to make fabrics

4

Classifying fibres

Natural fibres and manufactured fibres

5

Natural fibres and examples

Come from nature they are plant sources or animal sources e.g cotton, wool, silk, linen

6

Manufactured fibres and examples

Created from a mixture of raw materials e.g synthetic and regenerated fibres

7

Cotton

It grows in hot moist climates, mainly produced in China, USA and India most common used natural fibre

8

Production of cotton

The bolls are picked by hand or machine
The fibres are separated from the seeds
Fibres are pressed into bales
Cotton is graded according to length
Fibres are combed and spun into yarn

9

Desirable properties of cotton (5)

Absorbent
Doesn't cling
Cool
Strong
Easy to wash
Easy to dye and bleach

10

Undesirable properties of cotton

Creases
Not stretchy
Burns easily
Shrinks
Damaged by mildew

11

Fabrics of cotton (5)

Flannelette Muslim
Towelling. Denim
Poplin
Lawn
Cotton
Gingham

12

Uses of cotton (7)

Clothes. Jackets
Jeans. Trousers
Sweatshirts. Dresses
Shirts. Baby clothes
T-shirts. Nightwear
Underwear. Towels

13

Linen

Grows from flax plant, from cool damp climates e.gIreland, Belgium, Russia, France

14

Production of linen

Flax grows a metre high stems pulled by the root
The stems are soaked for weeks (retting)
Fibres are separated from the woody parts
Fibres are combed and spun into yarn
Long fibres are produced in fine yarn
Short fobres are made in coarse yarn

15

Desirable properties of linen (5)

Absorbent
Cool
Strong
Hardwearing
Easily washed
Doesn't attract dirt easily

16

Undesirable properties of linen

Creases easily
Burns easily
Shrinks
Damaged by mildew
Difficult to dye

17

Fabrics of linen

Damask
Canvas
Cambric

18

Uses of linen

Suits, dresses, shirts, tablecloths, napkins

19

Wool

Most common animal fibre, soft hair from sheep, produced in UK, New Zealand, USA, Ireland

20

Production of wool

fleece is removed from the sheep,
Graded by fineness, colour, length,
It's cleanded and combed
Spun and into yarn

21

Desirable properties of wool

Warm, soft, absorbent, stretchy, resilient

22

Undesirable properties of wool(5)

Shrinks, feels itchy, pills, easily scorched, damaged by moths, doesn't dry easily,

23

Fabrics of wool(5)

Flannel, tweed, jersey, serge, velour, gabardine, crêpe

24

Silk

Made since ancient times, made by silkworms, made in Japan, China,

25

Production of silk

Made by silkworms, silkmoths lay eggs,
new worms eat leaves from mulberry trees
They spin cocoons of silk, heated and soaked and threads removed
Threads are wound onto reels and spun into thicker yarn

26

Desirable properties of silk (5)

Absorbent, lightweight yet warm, strong, smooth, drapes well, crease resistance

27

Undesirable properties of silk

Flammables, damaged by careless handling, damaged by moths, damaged by chemicals

28

Uses of wool

Jumpers, coats, blankets, rugs, suits, upholstered

29

Fabrics of silk

Wild silk, slub silk, chiffon, satin, taffeta, organza