Cereals Flashcards Preview

Home/Ec > Cereals > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cereals Deck (47):
0

What are cereals

They are seeds or grains of edible grass plants

1

What is in the structure of cereal grains

Bran, Endosperm, Germ

2

Describe the bran

It's the outer of the cereals that can be lost during processing

3

What vitamins does the bran contain

Fibre, iron and vitamin b

4

Describe the endosperm

The larger inner part

5

What does the endosperm contain?

Staech and a protein called gluten

6

What is the name of the disease for people who are gluten tolerant

Coeliac disease

7

Describe the germ in the structure of cereal grain

The smaller part in the centre

8

What nutrients does the germ contain?

Protein, fat and vitamin b

9

What is protein used for in cereals?

For growth

10

What is fat used for in cereals

A bit if unsaturated fat is used for heat, energy and insulation

11

What is carbohydrates used for in cereals?

The main nutrient, used for heat, energy and digestion

12

What does carbohydrates presence form?

They form starch and fibre

13

What is vitamin B used for in cereals?

For healthy nerves and release of energy

14

When is vitamin B present in cereals?

When the cereals are unprocessed

15

What is the use of iron, calcium and phosphorus in cereals?

For healthy blood, bones and teeth

16

How much water is in cereal?

The content is low

17

What percentage of protein is in cereal?

7-15%

18

What is the percentage of fat in cereals?

2-7%

19

What is the percentage of carbohydrates in cereals?

70-77%

20

What percentage of the vitamin b group is in cereals

0.5%

21

What percentage of the minerals calcium and iron in cereal?

1%

22

What percentage of water is in cereal?

12%

36

What is pre cooked rice?

Rice fully cooked and then dehydrated, its quick and easy to cook

37

What happens when cereals are cooked?

Starch becomes more digestable, starch grains swell and burst, the grains absorbs the liquid

38

How is flour made?

By grinding cereals such as wheat, rice, oats, rye and maize

39

What is flour made from in ireland

Wheat

40

What is the function of gluten?

When the flour gets wet the gluten becomes elastic, letting the dough to become very stretchy so it rises well

41

What is wholemeal flour and what does it do?

It contains the whole of the grain and nothing is added or taken away it's used for wholemeal bread, pastry, scones and rolls

42

What is brown flour and what is it used for?

Some of the bran and germ was removed during milling and it's used for brown bread, rolls and pastry

43

What is white flour and what is it used for?

The bran and germ is removed
Made up of starchy endosperm
Used make white flour, pastry and cakes
Thickens soups and sauces

44

What is self raising flour and what is it used for?

Brown or white flour with raising agents it's used for bread rolls, cakes and biscuits

45

What is strong flour and what is it used for?

Milled from spring wheat and has high gluten content and is used for making yeast bread and some pastries

46

What is gluten free flour?

No gluten in it and is used to make bread and biscuits for coeliacs

57

Name two products made of the cereal wheat?

Wholemeal flour, bread

58

What is short grain rice?

Short rice that is used in rice pudding and other sweet rice dishes

59

What is brown rice?

Long grain rice which contains some bran layer it has a nutty flavour and a chewy texture it takes longer to cook than white rice

60

Name two products made of rice?

Rice krispie, rice cakes

61

Name two products thatare made of maize?

Tortilla and sweetcorn

62

Name two products that are made of barley?

Beer, whiskey

63

Name two products that are made of rye?

Rye flour and rye whiskey

64

Name two products that are made of oats?

Muesli, porridge

65

Describe how pasta is made?

Pasta is made of durum wheat, grounded with semolina then mixed with water, the colours can vary by using egg, tomatoes, spinach or wholemeal semolina

66

When and where was rice discovered?

In the far east nearly 5,000 yes

67

Where is rice the most important staple food?

In latin america, west indies, asia and the middle east

68

What is long grain rice and what dishes is it used for?

Used in savoury dishes such as stew, curry it can also be called patna carolina and basmati

69

What is medium grain rice or risotto rice?

It is short rice that is used in risotto or and dishes where the rice gets moulded