Minerals Flashcards Preview

Home/Ec > Minerals > Flashcards

Flashcards in Minerals Deck (18):
0

What are the minerals?

Calcium, Iron, Iodine, Phosphorus, fluorine, sodium.

1

What is the function of calcium?

Strong bones and teeth.

2

What happens if you lack calcium?

Osteoporosis, rickets and tooth decay.

3

What are the sources of calcium?

Milk, cheese, yoghurt, tinned fish, bread, green vegetables.

4

How much calcium should you eat?

1200mg

5

What does Iron do?

Makes the Haemoglobin.

6

What happens if lack of Iron?

Causes anaemia.

7

What are Irons sources?

Red meat, fortified cereals, liver, whole cereals, brown bread and green vegetables.

8

How much Iron should you eat a day?

14 mg

9

What does fluorine do?

Gives you healthy teeth.

10

What are the sources of fluorine?

Drinking water and fish.

11

What happens if you lack fluorine?

Tooth decay.

12

What does Phosphorus do?

Combines with calcium and makes strong bones and teeth.

13

What are the sources of phosphorus?

Meat, fish, poultry, eggs, milk,

14

What happens if you lack phosphorus?

Rare nearly all foods contain it.

15

What does sodium do?

Controls water in balance diet.

16

What are the sources of sodium?

Bacon, crisps, table salt, tuc biscuits, processed meat, butter and cheese.

17

What happens if you lack sodium?

Muscle cramps.