Micro-Organisms Flashcards Preview

Home/Ec > Micro-Organisms > Flashcards

Flashcards in Micro-Organisms Deck (11):
1

What causes micro-organisms to grow

Food
Warmth
Moisture
Oxygen
Time

2

How does food become infected by bacteria

Humans
Cross contamination
Insects
Pets and vermins
Dirty utensils

3

Cross contamination

When bacteria from one food cross onto another food and contaminate it

4

Food poisoning

An illness caused by eating ir drinking food which contains large numbers of pathogenic bacteria

5

Salmonella

It is in the intestines and is spread by flies, vermin and poor standards of living it if found in meat, poultry, eggs and shellfish

6

Staphylococcus

Found in the nose, throat, skin, cuts and boils, should cover cuts, sneezes and coughs from food can affect unpasteurized milk and cold meats

7

Listeria

The germ prefers lower temperatures, in pâtés, poultry and coleslaw can cause miscarriage

8

E.coli

Is found in the intestines, and is spread by poor hygiene or undercooked meat, it is found in undercooked beef, salami, unpasteurized milk

9

Food hygiene guidelines:Food

Keep all foods cool, clean and covered
Store perishables in a cool place
Check expiry dates on perishables
Cool and cover leftovers in fridges

10

Food hygiene guidelines:Food handlers

Wash hands
Handle food as little as possible
Don't cough or sneeze over your food
Don't like your fingers

11

Food hygiene guidelines:The kitchen

Change kitchen cloths daily and disinfect them
Keep bin covered. Empty daily and disinfect once a week
Disinfect sink and draining board regularly
Keep pets put of the kitchen at all times