Ch. 1.2 The Civilization of the Greeks Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 1.2 The Civilization of the Greeks Deck (16):
1

polis

Greek city-state

2

tyrant

ruler who seizes power by force and not subject to law

3

democracy

government by the people or rule of the many

4

oligarchy

rule by the few

5

direct democracy

form of democracy in which citizens participated directly in decision making

6

philosophy

organized system of thought "love of wisdom"

7

Socratic method

Q and A format to draw out knowledge from pupils

8

(a) goal

"Above all, the polis was a community with a common identity and common GOALS."

9

(a) adult

"A polis was made up of three groups: citizens with political rights (ADULT males), citizens with no political rights (women and children), and noncitizens (slaves and resident aliens)."

10

(a) foundation

"Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle established the FOUNDATIONS of Western philosophy."

11

(p) Pericles

dominated Athenian politics from 461-429 BC

12

(p) Socrates

known from pupils' notes on him. stonemason whose true love was knowledge.

13

(p) Plato

Socrates's student. wrote a lot. {The Republic} ideal government: three classes 1. philosopher kings. 2. warriors. 3. everyone else.

14

(p) Aristotle

student of Plato. three good forms of gov't: monarchy, aristocracy, constitutional government (this is best)

15

(pl) Sparta

Greek city-state based on military. oligarchy headed by two kings

16

(pl) Athens

Greek city-state. flourished. ruled by king--->aristocracy--->direct democracy