Flashcards in Ch. 4.2 Reaction and Revolution Deck (14):
political philosophy based on tradition and social stability. favored obedience to political authority and believed religions beneficial. hated revolutions+unwilling to accept rep. gov't or more individual rights. advocates: rulers and Metternich
principle of intervention
Great Powers had right to send armies into countries with revolutions to keep monarchs in power
political philosophy that people should be as free as possible from gov't restraint
universal male suffrage
all adult men could vote
collection of different peoples (ex. Austrian Empire had Germans, Czechs, Slovaks...)
"Conservatism is based on tradition and social STABILITY."
"They also believed that established religions were BENEFICIAL to social order."
(p) Congress of Vienna
reps. of Great Powers (GB, Austria, Prussia, Russia) agreed to work to restore old order at this meeting in 1814
(p) Klemens von Metternich
foreign minister of Austria. influential at Congress of Vienna. principle of legitimacy: lawful European monarchs should be restored to thrones.
(p) Bill of Rights
American document. liberals wanted individual rights to be protected in a written document, like this one.
nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte. elected French president in Dec. 1848
(p) German Confederation
38 independent German states
gathered in this city's palace for Congress of Vienna on Sept. 1814