Ch. 4.2 Reaction and Revolution Flashcards Preview

MWH ch.1-8 > Ch. 4.2 Reaction and Revolution > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 4.2 Reaction and Revolution Deck (14):
1

conservatism

political philosophy based on tradition and social stability. favored obedience to political authority and believed religions beneficial. hated revolutions+unwilling to accept rep. gov't or more individual rights. advocates: rulers and Metternich

2

principle of intervention

Great Powers had right to send armies into countries with revolutions to keep monarchs in power

3

liberalism

political philosophy that people should be as free as possible from gov't restraint

4

universal male suffrage

all adult men could vote

5

multinational state

collection of different peoples (ex. Austrian Empire had Germans, Czechs, Slovaks...)

6

(a) stability

"Conservatism is based on tradition and social STABILITY."

7

(a) beneficial

"They also believed that established religions were BENEFICIAL to social order."

8

(p) Congress of Vienna

reps. of Great Powers (GB, Austria, Prussia, Russia) agreed to work to restore old order at this meeting in 1814

9

(p) Klemens von Metternich

foreign minister of Austria. influential at Congress of Vienna. principle of legitimacy: lawful European monarchs should be restored to thrones.

10

(p) Bill of Rights

American document. liberals wanted individual rights to be protected in a written document, like this one.

11

(p) Louis-Napoleon

nephew of Napoleon Bonaparte. elected French president in Dec. 1848

12

(p) German Confederation

38 independent German states

13

(pl) Vienna

gathered in this city's palace for Congress of Vienna on Sept. 1814

14

(pl) Prague

Austrian forces crushed Czech rebels here on June 1848