Ch. 6.1 Colonial Rule in Southeast Asia Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 6.1 Colonial Rule in Southeast Asia Deck (15):
1

New Imperialism

era when Europeans sought direct control over vast territories, esp. Africa

2

protectorate

political unit that depends on another gov't for protection

3

indirect rule

colonial power using cooperation of local political leaders---convenient and cost less

4

direct rule

local elites removed from power. replaced with officials from colonial power.

5

(a) exploit

"Their goals were to EXPLOIT natural resources and open up markets for their manufactured goods."

6

(a) impose

"It IMPOSED direct rule on the southern provinces in the Mekong delta, which had been ceded to France as a colony after the first war from 1858 to 1862."

7

(a) regime

"For example, in Burma, in 1930, the Buddhist monk Saya San led a peasant uprising against the British colonial REGIME many years after the regime had completed its takeover."

8

(p) King Mongkut

prevent British and French colonial rule in Thailand. promote Western learning. good relations with European powers. Thailand=independent buffer state

9

(p) King Chulalongkorn

son of King Mongkut. prevent British and French colonial rule in Thailand. promote Western learning. good relations with European powers. Thailand=independent buffer state

10

(p) Commodore George Dewey

led U.S. naval forces in the Spanish-American War. 1898 defeat Spanish fleet at Manila Bay.

11

(p) Emilio Aguinaldo

leader of independence movement in Philippines. eventually president of Republic of Philippines. despite efforts, America continued to control Philippines

12

(pl) Singapore

"city of the lion". small island at tip of Malay Peninsula. GB colonized this place under Sir Raffles. became major stopping point for steamship traffic

13

(pl) Burma

Myanmar. GB controlled. British want to protect its parts of India and gain land route to China

14

(pl) Thailand

Siam. only remaining free state in Southeast Asia

15

(pl) Philippines

American colony under Pres. McKinley. better chance to trade with China