Flashcards in Ch. 6.1 Colonial Rule in Southeast Asia Deck (15):
era when Europeans sought direct control over vast territories, esp. Africa
political unit that depends on another gov't for protection
colonial power using cooperation of local political leaders---convenient and cost less
local elites removed from power. replaced with officials from colonial power.
"Their goals were to EXPLOIT natural resources and open up markets for their manufactured goods."
"It IMPOSED direct rule on the southern provinces in the Mekong delta, which had been ceded to France as a colony after the first war from 1858 to 1862."
"For example, in Burma, in 1930, the Buddhist monk Saya San led a peasant uprising against the British colonial REGIME many years after the regime had completed its takeover."
(p) King Mongkut
prevent British and French colonial rule in Thailand. promote Western learning. good relations with European powers. Thailand=independent buffer state
(p) King Chulalongkorn
son of King Mongkut. prevent British and French colonial rule in Thailand. promote Western learning. good relations with European powers. Thailand=independent buffer state
(p) Commodore George Dewey
led U.S. naval forces in the Spanish-American War. 1898 defeat Spanish fleet at Manila Bay.
(p) Emilio Aguinaldo
leader of independence movement in Philippines. eventually president of Republic of Philippines. despite efforts, America continued to control Philippines
"city of the lion". small island at tip of Malay Peninsula. GB colonized this place under Sir Raffles. became major stopping point for steamship traffic
Myanmar. GB controlled. British want to protect its parts of India and gain land route to China
Siam. only remaining free state in Southeast Asia