Ch. 2.3 The American Revolution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 2.3 The American Revolution Deck (15):
1

colony

land owned and controlled by a mother country

2

Stamp Act

Parliament imposed this 1765. required that certain printed materials must carry a stamp showing that tax had been paid to Britain

3

Declaration of Independence

written by Thomas Jefferson. approved by 2nd Continental Congress on July 2/4, 1776. declare colonies to be free from British crown. use Locke's ideas. almost like declaration of war to GB

4

Articles of Confederation

U.S's first constitution. not good enough

5

federal system

system in which power is shared between national and state governments

6

Bill of Rights

ten amendments approved by the states

7

(a) tension

"The TENSION between Great Britain and the colonies had started before the Stamp Act was passed."

8

(a) correspondence

"Previously, at Thomas Jefferson's urging, the colonies had formed committees of CORRESPONDENCE to allow them to communicate with each other about the British."

9

(a) amendments

"In 1789 the new Congress proposed 12 AMENDMENTS."

10

(a) assembly

"They guaranteed freedom of religion, speech, press, petition, and ASSEMBLY."

11

(p) William Pitt the Elder

Britain's prime minister. try and destroy France during Seven Years' War aka French and Indian War

12

(p) King George III

ordered Coercive Acts (aka Intolerable Acts) to punish colonists for the Boston Tea Party

13

(p) George Washington

led Continental Army. became first U.S. president.

14

(p) Thomas Jefferson

wrote Declaration of Independence. include Locke's ideas of natural rights and gov't duties

15

(pl) Yorktown

Gen. Cornwallis of England surrender here. British decide to end war