Ch. 3.2 Radical Revolution and Reaction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 3.2 Radical Revolution and Reaction Deck (15):
1

faction

dissenting groups (Girondins---keep king alive/outside Paris rep. and Mountain---execute king/Paris radicals rep.)

2

elector

qualified voters if owned/rented property worth a certain amount. only about 30,000 in the nation qualified

3

coup d'etat

sudden overthrow of the gov't

4

(a) domestic

"Dispute between the Girondins and the Mountain were only one reason France went through a DOMESTIC crisis in 1792 and 1793."

5

(a) external

"It acted to defend France from EXTERNAL and domestic threats."

6

(p) Georges Danton

newly appointed minister of justice. led sans-culottes to seek revenge on those who resisted revolution and also the king

7

(p) Jean-Paul Marat

{Friend of the People}---radical journal. always worked in bathtub because of skin disorder. condemned the Girondins. assassinated by Charlotte Corday (Girondin)

8

(p) Jacobins

network of national political clubs. (Girondins and Mountain)

9

(p) Committee of Public Safety

committee of 12. given broad powers by National Convention to meet domestic and foreign crises.

10

(p) Maximilien Robespierre

dominated the Com. of Public Safety. support general will and thought those who do not should be executed. terrifying power in the Reign of Terror. arrested and guillotined.

11

(p) Reign of Terror

policies created by the Com. of Public Safety to meet external and domestic threats. many killed and guillotined.

12

(p) the Directory

executive committee of five people under new constitution. lasts 1795-1799. corrupted and relied on military for force.

13

(pl) Lyon

many citizens of this rebellious city were executed. the Com. of Public Safety wanted to make an example of this place.

14

(pl) Nantes

one of most notorious violence occurred here. victims drowned in Loire River

15

(pl) Austrian Netherlands

French revolutionary gov't's huge army (universal mobilization) pushed back invaders across Rhine R. and over Austrian Netherlands