Ch. 1.3 Rome and the Rise of Christianity Flashcards Preview

MWH ch.1-8 > Ch. 1.3 Rome and the Rise of Christianity > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch. 1.3 Rome and the Rise of Christianity Deck (15):
1

patricians

great landowners. Rome's ruling class

2

plebeians

less wealthy landowners and others. larger class. below patricians.

3

republic

form of gov't in which leader is not a monarch and certain citizens can vote

4

Senate

(Roman) select group of about 300 landowners who serve for life. advise officials and has force of law

5

Christianity

belief of Jesus Christ and God. born and expanded in Roman Empire

6

Catholic Church

institution that was the avenue between an individual and God

7

(a) estate

"The upper classes lived lives of great luxury on their villas and on their vast ESTATES."

8

(a) potential

"Some people saw Jesus as a POTENTIAL revolutionary who might lead a revolt against Rome."

9

(a) minority

"By the end of the second century AD, Christians still represented a small MINORITY, but one of considerable strength."

10

(p) Augustus

created new order = Roman Empire.

11

(p) Jesus

Jewish prophet who spread the word of God. later crucified.

12

(p) Nero

persecuted Christians. reign AD 54 to 68

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(p) Constantine

became a Christian. passed tolerance of Christianity in the empire.

14

(pl) Rome

part of Italy. Roman civilization starts here

15

(pl) Mediterranean Sea

Rome became master of the Med. Sea