Ch. 2.1 The Glorious Revolution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 2.1 The Glorious Revolution Deck (16)
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1

divine right of kings

monarchs considered selves to be only accountable to God, not their citizens

2

commonwealth

republic (declared in England)

3

natural rights

rights humans are born with

4

(a) attribute

"Louis's (XIV) reign can be best summed up by a famous saying ATTRIBUTED to him: 'I am the state.'"

5

(a) restraint

"They (James I and Charles I of England) believed they should be able to operate without any RESTRAINT from Parliament - to spend money as they wanted, to build fine buildings, or make alliances abroad if they felt like it."

6

(a) consensus

"England's lords and landowners came to a quiet CONSENSUS."

7

(a) hypothetical

"In the real world, Locke felt there were problems in this HYPOTHETICAL idea of nature."

8

(a) mutual

"Under this contract, the people and the government had MUTUAL obligations."

9

(p) Elizabeth I

daughter of Henry VIII. English reign from 1558-1603. wise leader. consulted Parliament.

10

(p) Puritans

Calvinists who wanted to purify the Anglican Church

11

(p) Charles I

son of James I. absolute monarch of England. ignore Parliament

12

(p) Oliver Cromwell

military genius who created and led the New Model Army in civil war against English monarchy---> overthrow + dictatorship

13

(p) Charles II

Stuart heir to English throne after Cromwell's death

14

(p) James II

brother of Charles II. succeeded throne. Catholic, which made Parliament unhappy. favored Catholics for good occupations/positions

15

(p) William of Orange

Dutch leader, husband of James II's Protestant daughter Mary. raise army and kick out Catholic James. no bloodshed

16

(p) John Locke

philosopher. {Two Treatises of Government} believe natural rights. government protect rights of people and people act reasonably to gov't.