Flashcards in Ch. 5.3 The National State and Democracy Deck (9)
principle that chief executive officer (prime minister) was responsible to elected legislative body, not king/president
legislative assembly of Russia, unwillingly created by Nicholas II
"This principle is called ministerial responsibility and it is CRUCIAL for democracy."
"Other reforms provided a small pension for workers over age 70 and COMPENSATION for workers if they were injured on the job."
(p) Otto von Bismarck
helped unify Germany in 1871. German prime minister/chancellor. want to keep power of king. created favorable alliances--->fired in 1890 because William II want to control foreign policy personally
(p) William II
emperor of Germany from 1888-1918
(p) Francis Joseph
emperor of Austro-Hungarian Empire. ignored parliamentary system with ministerial responsibility.
(p) Nicholas II
grandson of Alexander II. absolute power. froced to give civil liberties and create Duma. later ignore Duma and use army and bureaucracy to rule Russia