Flashcards in Ch. 1.1 The First Civilizations Deck (24)
complex culture in which large numbers of people share basic elements (ex. social structure, religion, art)
dominated by men
Egyptian monarch (literally means "great house" or "palace"
religion of the Jews (people of Judah)
believing in one god
contract (from God)
system based on occupation and extended family networks (Brahmins - priests, Kshatriyas - warriors, Vaisyas - commoners/merchants, Sudras - peasants) (Untouchables - polluted, not even part of caste)
religion developed in India. reincarnation, Brahman, Atman, Karma
religion developed in India. founded by Siddhartha Guatama aka the Buddha. enlightenment
philosophy of Confucius. obedience and family honor.
"Ancient civilizations created law CODES and the idea of divine kingship."
"The importance of family to Mesopotamian civilization can be judged form the fact that many laws in the code FOCUSED on it."
"A caste system is based on occupation and extended family NETWORKS."
"In China, the family is the CORE of society, and within the family the father's place was very high."
controlled much of Mesopotamia. known for strict Hammurabi's code.
(p) King Solomon
ruled the Israelites. flourishing Israel.
created Indian civilization. dominate starting 1500 BC
(p) Siddhartha Guatama
founder of Buddhism
Chinese philosopher of 6th century BC
half of kingdom split after Solomon's kingdom of Israel. eventually die out
half of kingdom split after Solomon's kingdom of Israel
(pl) Indus River
valley where Indian civilization is formed