Ch. 1.1 The First Civilizations Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 1.1 The First Civilizations Deck (24):
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civilization

complex culture in which large numbers of people share basic elements (ex. social structure, religion, art)

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patriarchal

dominated by men

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pharaoh

Egyptian monarch (literally means "great house" or "palace"

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Judaism

religion of the Jews (people of Judah)

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monotheistic

believing in one god

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covenant

contract (from God)

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prophet

religious teacher

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caste system

system based on occupation and extended family networks (Brahmins - priests, Kshatriyas - warriors, Vaisyas - commoners/merchants, Sudras - peasants) (Untouchables - polluted, not even part of caste)

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Hinduism

religion developed in India. reincarnation, Brahman, Atman, Karma

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Buddhism

religion developed in India. founded by Siddhartha Guatama aka the Buddha. enlightenment

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Confucianism

philosophy of Confucius. obedience and family honor.

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(a) code

"Ancient civilizations created law CODES and the idea of divine kingship."

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(a) focus

"The importance of family to Mesopotamian civilization can be judged form the fact that many laws in the code FOCUSED on it."

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(a) network

"A caste system is based on occupation and extended family NETWORKS."

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(a) core

"In China, the family is the CORE of society, and within the family the father's place was very high."

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(p) Hammurabi

controlled much of Mesopotamia. known for strict Hammurabi's code.

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(p) King Solomon

ruled the Israelites. flourishing Israel.

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(p) Aryans

created Indian civilization. dominate starting 1500 BC

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(p) Siddhartha Guatama

founder of Buddhism

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(p) Confucius

Chinese philosopher of 6th century BC

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(pl) Israel

half of kingdom split after Solomon's kingdom of Israel. eventually die out

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(pl) Judah

half of kingdom split after Solomon's kingdom of Israel

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(pl) Indus River

valley where Indian civilization is formed

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(pl) China

one of Asian countries