Ch. 4.4 Culture: Romanticism and Realism Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 4.4 Culture: Romanticism and Realism Deck (13):
1

romanticism

movement emerged as reaction against Enlightenment. wanted arts to express feeling, emotion, imagination

2

secularization

indifference to/ rejection of religion in affairs of world. truth found in science and existence of human beings

3

organic evolution

Darwin's principle that each species had evolved over millions of years from simpler life forms

4

natural selection

process in which only the fittest survive and reproduce

5

realism

movement in which the arts portray ordinary life. opposite of romanticism

6

(a) abandon

"Second, romantic artists ABANDONED classical reason for warmth and emotion."

7

(a) adapt

"Darwin believed that some organisms are better able to ADAPT to changes in the environment than others."

8

(a) variation

"Survivors pass on the VARIATIONS that allowed them to survive until a new, separate species emerges."

9

(a) controversy

"Darwin's ideas raised a storm of CONTROVERSY."

10

(p) Ludwig van Beethoven

one of most famous composers of romantic era. bridge between classical and romantic

11

(p) Louis Pasteur

Frenchman. proposed germ theory of disease.

12

(p) Charles Darwin

created concept of human beings as part of natural world. {On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection}---ideas of organic evolution and natural selection. create dispute in religion.

13

(p) Charles Dickens

British. wrote novels that showed life for the poor in the Industrial Age. {Oliver Twist} {David Copperfield}