Ch. 7.1 The Decline of the Qing Dynasty Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Ch. 7.1 The Decline of the Qing Dynasty Deck (14):
1

extraterritoriality

practice in which Europeans lived in their own parts of towns. they were not subject to Chinese laws but only theirs.

2

self-strengthening

policy in which China should adopt Western technology while keeping Confucian values.

3

spheres of influence

areas where imperial (European) powers had exclusive trading rights

4

Open Door policy

policy to ensure equal access to Chinese market while preserving China as a nation. American concern for survival of China+interests of American businesses. loosened restrictions on trade and reduced imperialist hysteria

5

indemnity

payment for damages

6

(a) decline

"One important reason for the abrupt DECLINE and fall of the Qing dynasty was the intense external pressure applied to Chinese society by the modern West."

7

(a) ensure

"In 1899, U.S. secretary of state John Hay presented a proposal to ENSURE equal access to the Chinese market, while preserving China as a nation."

8

(p) Hong Xiuquan

Chinese Christian convert. led the Tai Ping Rebellion (1850-1864). advocate many social reforms. asked people to give up private possessions

9

(p) Guang Xu

young emperor. launched reform program known as 100 Days of Reform. intend to modernize using Western models. not widely accepted

10

(p) Empress Dowager Ci Xi

aunt of Guang Xu. opposed new reform program. imprisoned emperor with help of imperial army+ended his reform efforts.

11

(p) John Hay

U.S. secretary of state. proposed Open Door policy

12

(pl) Guangzhou

(Canton) European merchants restricted to small trading place here. unhappy

13

(pl) Chang Jiang

(Yangtze River) Chinese surrender to GB in Opium War when British fleet sailed unopposed up this river

14

(pl) Hong Kong

island given up to Britain in Treaty of Nanjing (1842) after Opium War