Ch 14: Stress, Coping and Health Flashcards Preview

Psych 111 > Ch 14: Stress, Coping and Health > Flashcards

Flashcards in Ch 14: Stress, Coping and Health Deck (32):
1

health psychology

how psychological factors contribute to health
causation, prevention and treatment of illness

2

stress

circumstances that threaten well-being or tax coping abilities

3

primary appraisal

initial evaluation of whether an event is irrelevant, relevant but not threatening, or stressful

4

secondary appraisal

evaluation of coping resources, options for dealing with stress

5

frustration

pursuit of a goal is prevented

6

conflict

to goals compete for expression

7

acute stressors

short duration, clear endpoint

8

chronic stressors

long duration, no apparent time limit

9

approach-approach conflict

choice between 2 attractive goals

10

avoidance-avoidance conflict

choice between 2 unattractive goals

11

approach-avoidance conflict

choice to pursue or not pursue a goal with attractive and unattractive aspects

12

fight-or-flight response

autonomic nervous system mobilizes the organism for attacking or fleeing an enemy

13

general adaptation syndrome

model of the body's stress response
alarm, resistance, exhaustion

14

coping

active efforts to master, reduce or tolerate demands created by stress

15

learned helplessness

giving up, passive behavior produced by exposure to unavoidable aversive events

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aggression

behavior intended to hurt someone

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catharis

release of emotional tension

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defense mechanisms

unconscious reaction that protect a person from unpleasant emotions

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denial of reality

refusing to face a stressor or denying it

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fantasy

gratifying frustrated desires by imaginary achievements

21

intellectualization (isolation)

cutting off emotion from hurtful situations or separating incompatible attitudes so they appear unrelated (prisoner)

22

undoing

atoning for acts or desires

23

overcompensation

emphasizing desirable characteristics, making up for frustration in one area by over-gratification in other (emotional eating)

24

burnout

exhaustion, cynicism and lowered sense of efficacy brought on gradually by work-related stress

25

psychosomatic diseases

physical ailments brought on by stress

26

type A personality

competitive, impatient, anger/hostility

27

type B personality

relaxed, patient, easygoing, healthier

28

optimism

tendency to consistently expect a good outcome, more willing to get support

29

catastrophic thinking

exaggerating one's problems

30

stress pathways are through the...

pituitary gland and autonomic nervous system

31

Social Readjustment Rating Scale SRRS

measures change that causes stress

32

constructive coping

healthy methods of dealing with stress